About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
ISRN Rheumatology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 215692, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/215692
Clinical Study

The Risk Factors for Nosocomial Infection in Chinese Patients with Active Rheumatoid Arthritis in Shanghai

1Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
2Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Shanghai Guanghua Hospital, Shanghai 200052, China
3Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003, China
4Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Shanghai Longhua Hospital, Shanghai 200032, China
5Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, Shanghai 200473, China
6Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Shanghai Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200071, China
7Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai 201620, China
8Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Shidong Hospital, Shanghai 200438, China
9Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, No.3 People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 201900, China
10Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
11Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai 200040, China
12Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Renji Hospital, Shanghai 200003, China
13Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Yananxi Road, Shanghai 200040, China

Received 7 December 2011; Accepted 15 January 2012

Academic Editors: A. Adebajo, A. H. Gerards, and A. Kessel

Copyright © 2012 Wei-Lin Xie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Bernatsky, M. Hudson, and S. Suissa, “Anti-rheumatic drug use and risk of serious infections in rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 1157–1160, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. T. A. Simon, J. Askling, D. Lacaille et al., “Infections requiring hospitalization in the abatacept clinical development program: an epidemiological assessment,” Arthritis Research & Therapy, vol. 12, no. 2, article R67, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. A. L. Smitten, H. K. Choi, M. C. Hochberg et al., “The risk of hospitalized infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 387–393, 2008. View at Scopus
  4. D. M. Hacek, T. Suriano, G. A. Noskin, J. Kruszynski, B. Reisberg, and L. R. Peterson, “Medical and economic benefit of a comprehensive infection control program that includes routine determination of microbial clonality,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 111, no. 5, pp. 647–654, 1999. View at Scopus
  5. D. W. Spelman, “Hospital-acquired infections,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 176, no. 6, pp. 286–291, 2002. View at Scopus
  6. F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 315–324, 1988. View at Scopus
  7. M. L. L. Prevoo, M. A. van 't Hof, H. H. Kuper, M. A. van Leeuwen, L. B. A. van de Putte, and P. L. C. M. van Riel, “Modified disease activity scores that include twenty-eight-joint counts: development and validation in a prospective longitudinal study of patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 44–48, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. S. Garner, W. R. Jarvis, T. G. Emori, T. C. Horan, and J. M. Hughes, “CDC definitions for nosocomial infections,” in APIC Infection Control and Applied Epidemiology: Principles and Practice, R. N. Olmsted, Ed., pp. A-1–A-20, Mosby, St. Louis, Mo, USA, 1996.
  9. A. von Graevenitz, “The role of opportunistic bacteria in human disease,” Annual Review of Microbiology, vol. 31, pp. 447–471, 1977. View at Scopus
  10. M. F. Doran, C. S. Crowson, G. R. Pond, W. M. O'Fallon, and S. E. Gabriel, “Frequency of infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis compared with controls: a population-based study,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 2287–2293, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  11. J. J. Goronzy and C. M. Weyand, “Rheumatoid arthritis,” Immunological Reviews, vol. 204, pp. 55–73, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. J. R. Curtis, N. Patkar, A. Xie et al., “Risk of serious bacterial infections among rheumatoid arthritis patients exposed to tumor necrosis factor α antagonists,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 1125–1133, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. G. Geri, S. Dadoun, T. Bui et al., “Risk of infections in bronchiectasis during disease-modifying treatment and biologics for rheumatic diseases,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 11, article 304, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  14. J. M. Kahlenberg and D. A. Fox, “Advances in the medical treatment of rheumatoid arthritis,” Hand Clinics, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 11–20, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  15. J. D. Greenberg, G. Reed, J. M. Kremer et al., “Association of methotrexate and tumour necrosis factor antagonists with risk of infectious outcomes including opportunistic infections in the CORRONA registry,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 380–386, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  16. C. Díaz-Lagares, R. Pérez-Alvarez, F. J. García-Hernández et al., “Rates of, and risk factors for, severe infections in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases receiving biological agents off-label,” Arthritis Research & Therapy, vol. 13, no. 4, article R112, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed