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ISRN Soil Science
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 270830, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/270830
Research Article

Degradation of Trichloroethylene Contaminated Soil by Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles

1Sahara Petroleum Service Company (Sapesco), Zahraa El-Maadi-Industrial Area, Cairo 11742, Egypt
2Applications Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI), Ahmed El-Zomer, P.O. Box 11727, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
3Evaluation and Analysis Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Ahmed El-Zomer, P.O. Box 11727, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
4Analytical Chemistry Departments, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo 11795, Egypt

Received 26 June 2012; Accepted 16 August 2012

Academic Editors: B. J. Allred and W. Ding

Copyright © 2012 Amira Kamal Ibrahem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Trichloroethylene (TCE) contaminated soil has received extensive attention in the environmental issues. Nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) is considered as an excellent reduction catalyst due to fast degradation of chlorinated solvents. Therefore, this paper aims to evaluate TCE removal from soil by surfactant modified nanoscale zero-valent iron (SNZVI). In this respect, fixed 500 g soil having a diameter range 0.5–1 mm was polluted with 10 mL TCE and put inside glass column of 2.5 cm diameter × 300 cm length. The NZVI solution was prepared from reduction of FeCL3 by NaBH4 and coating with 2.5 g nonionic surfactant (Tween 85) to produce iron nanoparticle concentration of 0.1 g/L. The prepared iron nanoparticle was poured into contaminated soil and left to stir at a constant rate for 24 days. The reductive dechlorination of TCE was measured as a function of increasing chloride ion. It was found that the TCE dechlorination in the presence of iron surfaces displayed pseudo first-order kinetics. The TCE degradation rate constant ( ) is . Also, about 30% of TCE was removed within initial 6 days. The obtained specific rate constant ( ) was and is lower than other studies carried into aqueous phase by about 23 orders of magnitude. Finally, the SNZVI was found to be effective and fully removed to TCE within 456 hours.