- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
ISRN Soil Science
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 310727, 7 pages
Effect of Nitrogen Sources on Microbial Biomass Nitrogen under Different Soil Types
Central Laboratory for Agricultural Climate (CLAC), Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Dokki, Giza 12411, Egypt
Received 7 December 2011; Accepted 10 January 2012
Academic Editor: S. Yamulki
Copyright © 2012 Haytham M. El-Sharkawi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- T. Higa and G. N. Wididana, “Changes in the soil microflora Induced by effective microorganisms,” in Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Kyusei Nature Farming, J. F. Parr, S. B. Hornick, and C. E. Whitman, Eds., pp. 153–162, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1991.
- T. Higa, “Effective microorganisms: a new dimension for nature farming,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Kyusei Nature Farming, J. F. Parr, S. B. Hornick, and M. E. Simpson, Eds., pp. 20–22, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1994.
- T. Higa, “Effective microorganisms: their role in Kyusei Nature Farming and sustainable agriculture,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Kyusei Nature Farming, J. F. Parr, S. B. Hornick, and M. E. Simpson, Eds., U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1995.
- D. R. Keeney and D. W. Nelson, “Nitrogen-inorganic forms,” in Methods of soil Analysis, part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, A. Page, Ed., pp. 643–693, American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Crop Science Society of America, Inc., and Soil Science Society of America, Inc., Madison, Wis, USA, 1982.
- A. I. Saralov and T. R. Babanazarov, “Characteristics of the microflora and nitrogen fixation in the takyr soils of the rice fields in the Karakapak ASSR,” Microbiology, vol. 51, pp. 682–686, 1983.
- T. Yoneyama, “N2 fixation by three types of plant-microbe interaction: carbon as the major limiting,” in Proceedings of the Plant-Microbe Interaction, pp. 33–44, Chonnam National University, Korea, April 2002.
- D. H. Hubbell and K. Gerald, “Biological Nitrogen Fixation; The Importance of Nitrogen,” Soil and Water Science Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, 2003, http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/.
- H. M. El Sharkawi, S. Yamamoto, and T. Honna, “Rice yield and nutrient uptake as affected by cyanobacteria and soil amendments—a pot experiment,” Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, vol. 169, no. 6, pp. 809–815, 2006.
- P. A. Roger and J. K. Ladha, “Biological N2 Fixation in wetland rice fields: estimation and contribution to nitrogen balance,” Plant and Soil, vol. 141, no. 1-2, pp. 41–55, 1992.
- P. Irisarri, S. Gonnet, and J. Monza, “Cyanobacteria in Uruguayan rice fields: diversity, nitrogen fixing ability and tolerance to herbicides and combined nitrogen,” Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 91, no. 2-3, pp. 95–103, 2001.
- T. W. Bruulsema, P. E. Fixen, and C. S. Snyder, “Fertilizer nutrient recovery in sustainable cropping systems,” Better Crops, vol. 88, pp. 15–17, 2004.
- S. A. Materechera and A. M. Salagae, “Use of partially decomposed cattle and chicken compost amendment with wood ash in two South Africa arable soils with contrasting texture, effect on nutrient uptake, early growth, and dry matter yield of maize,” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, vol. 33, pp. 179–201, 2002.
- D. M. Halsall and A. H. Gibson, “Cellulose decomposition and associated nitrogen fixation by mixed cultures of Cellulomonas gelida and Azospirillum species or Bacillus macerans,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 1021–1026, 1985.
- J. K. Ladha, A.T. Padre, D. N. Nayak, M. Garcia, and I. Watanabe, “Nitrogen fixation by single and mixed heterotrophic bacteria in flooded paddy soil amended with hydrogen peroxide treated straw (hemicellulose),” in Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, pp. 603–608, 1986.
- Yadvinder-Singh, Manpreet-Singh, H. S. Sidhu et al., Options for effective utilization of crop residues, Directorate of Research, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India, 2010.
- J. M. Lynch and S. H. T. Harper, “Straw as a substrate for cooperative nitrogen fixation,” Journal of General Microbiology, vol. 129, pp. 251–253, 1983.
- M. M. Roper and D. M. Halsall, “Use of products of straw decomposition by N2-fixing (C2H2-reducing) populations of bacteria in three soils from wheat-growing areas,” Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 37, pp. 1–9, 1986.
- S. Coq, B. G. Barthès, R. Oliver, B. Rabary, and E. Blanchart, “Earthworm activity affects soil aggregation and organic matter dynamics according to the quality and localization of crop residues—an experimental study (Madagascar),” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 2119–2128, 2007.
- H. R McKenzie, “Soil pH and plant nutrition. Agriculture food and rural development,” AGRI-FACTS, May, Agdex 531-4: 1-2, 2003.
- M. M. Roper and J. K. Ladha, “Biological N2 fixation by heterotrophic and phototrophic bacteria in association with straw,” Plant and Soil, vol. 174, no. 1-2, pp. 211–224, 1995.
- M. B. Peoples, D. F. Herridge, and J. K. Ladha, “Biological nitrogen fixation: an efficient source of nitrogen for sustainable agricultural production?” Plant and Soil, vol. 174, no. 1-2, pp. 3–28, 1995.
- Soil Survey Staff, “Soil survey laboratory methods manual,” Soil Survey Investigations Report 42, USDA-NRCS, Washington, DC, USA, 1996.
- E. D. Rhine, G. K. Sims, R. L. Mulvaney, and E. J. Pratt, “Improving the Berthelot reaction for determining ammonium in soil extracts and water,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 473–480, 1998.
- R. R. Jimenez and J. K. Ladha, “Automated elemental analysis: a rapid and reliable but expensive measurement of total carbon and nitrogen in plant and soil samples,” Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis, vol. 24, no. 15-16, pp. 1897–1924, 1993.
- D. F. Bezdicek, D. W. Evans, B. Abede, and R. E. Witters, “Evaluation of peat and granular inoculums (Rhizobium japonicum) for soybean yield and nitrogen fixation under irrigation,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 70, pp. 865–868, 1978.
- A. M. McNeill, C. J. Pilbeam, H. C. Harris, and R. S. Swift, “Seasonal variation in the suitability of different methods for estimating biological nitrogen fixation by grain legumes under rainfed conditions,” Australian Journal of Agriculture Research, vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1061–1073, 1996.
- K. Kyuma, “Fertility considerations for paddy soil (I) general nutrient balance and nitrogen,” in Paddy Soil Science, p. 132, Kyoto University Press, 2004.
- S. Sugihara, S. Funakawa, M. Kilasara, and T. Kosaki, “Dynamics of microbial biomass nitrogen in relation to plant nitrogen uptake during the crop growth period in a dry tropical cropland in Tanzania,” Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 105–114, 2010.
- P. C. Brookes, A. Landman, G. Pruden, and D. S. Jenkinson, “Chloroform fumigation and the release of soil nitrogen: a rapid direct extraction method to measure microbial biomass nitrogen in soil,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 837–842, 1985.
- G. W. Snedecor and W. G. Cochran, Statistical Methods, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA, 7th edition, 1980.
- MSTATC, A Microcomputer Program for the Design, Management, and Analysis of Agronomic Research Experiments, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Mich, USA, 1990.
- SAS Institute, SAS User's Guide: Statistics, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA, 4th edition, 1990.
- K. Hasegawa, “Studies on the dynamics of nitrogen in paddy soils and its environmental impact,” Special Bulletin of the Shiga Agricultural Experiment Station, vol. 17, pp. 1–164, 1992 (Japanese).
- Z. Ahmad, H. Kai, and T. Harada, “Factors affecting immobilization and release of nitrogen in soil and chemical characteristics of the nitrogen newly immobilized II. Effect of carbon sources on immobilization and release of nitrogen in soil,” Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 252–258, 1969.
- S. T. Jakobsen, “Aerobic decomposition of organic wastes 2. Value of compost as a fertilizer,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 57–71, 1995.
- D. S. Schimel and W. J. Parton, “Microclimatic controls of nitrogen mineralization and nitrification in shortgrass steppe soils,” Plant and Soil, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 347–357, 1986.
- J. A. Delgado, A. R. Mosier, D. W. Valentine, D. S. Schimel, and W. J. Parton, “Long term 15N studies in a catena of the shortgrass steppe,” Biogeochemistry, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 41–52, 1996.
- K. Fog, “The effect of added nitrogen on the rate of decomposition of organic matter,” Biological Reviews, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 433–462, 1988.
- Soil Quality Information Sheet, “Physical and Biological Soil Crusts,” USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 2001, http://soils.usda.gov/sqi/.
- M. Al-Kaisi Mahdi, L. Kruse Marc, and E. Sawyer John, “Effect of nitrogen fertilizer application on growing season soil carbon dioxide emission in a corn–soybean rotation,” Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 37, pp. 325–332, 2008.
- H. Ke, L. HuaXing, L. WeiSheng, L. YuanJin, and W. LiBin, “Effect of microbial organic fertilizer application on soil microbial activity,” Chinese Journal of EcoAgriculture, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 303–306, 2010.
- H. Hogh-Jensen and J. K. Schjoerring, “Measurement of biological dinitrogen fixation in grassland: comparison of the enriched 15N dilution and the natural 15N abundance methods at different nitrogen application rates and defoliation frequencies,” Plant and Soil, vol. 166, no. 2, pp. 153–163, 1994.
- M. M. Roper and N. A. Smith, “Straw decomposition and nitrogenase activity (C2H2 reduction) by free-living microorganisms from soil: effects of pH and clay content,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 275–283, 1991.
- T. Yoshida, H. Kai, and T. Harada, “Studies on the build-up of readily decomposable organic matter in soil, III. Carbon minerakization and build-up of readily decomposable organic matter as affected by quality and quantity of applies organic residues,” Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University, vol. 28, pp. 37–48, 1973.
- R. Chikowo, P. Mapfumo, P. A. Leffelaar, and K. E. Giller, “Integrating legumes to improve N cycling on smallholder farms in sub-humid Zimbabwe: resource quality, biophysical and environmental limitations,” Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 76, no. 2-3, pp. 219–231, 2006.
- A. E. Hartemink, R. J. Buresh, P. M. Van Bodegom, A. R. Braun, B. Jama, and B. H. Janssen, “Inorganic nitrogen dynamics in fallows and maize on an Oxisol and Alfisol in the highlands of Kenya,” Geoderma, vol. 98, no. 1-2, pp. 11–33, 2000.
- Y. Hirai, Y. Kodama, S. I. Moriwaki et al., “Heterozygous individuals bearing a founder mutation in the XPA DNA repair gene comprise nearly 1% of the Japanese population,” Mutation Research, vol. 601, no. 1-2, pp. 171–178, 2006.
- F. Mtambanengwe and P. Mapfumo, “Effects of organic resource quality on soil profile N dynamics and maize yields on sandy soils in Zimbabwe,” Plant and Soil, vol. 281, no. 1-2, pp. 173–191, 2006.