Table 9: Summary of parameters input to the radiative transfer model for simulation of PALS brightness temperatures [41].

(a) Media and sensor parameters

Vegetation:
 Single scattering albedo, 0.1
 Opacity coefficient, 0.086 (soy), 0.12 (corn)
Soil:
 Roughness coefficients, (cm) and -calibrated
.
 Bulk density (g cm−3)in-situ
 Sand and clay mass fractions, and CONUS-SOIL dataset
Sensor:
 Viewing angle, (deg)45
 Frequency, (GHz)1.41, 2.69
 PolarizationH, V

(b) Media variables

Land surface:
 Surface soil moisture, (g cm−3)In-situ
 Vegetation water content, (kg m−2)Landsat TM
 Surface temperature, (K)In-situ