- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 232461, 9 pages
In Vitro Effects of Herbicides and Insecticides on Human Breast Cells
Department of Biology, Millikin University, 1184 West Main Street, Decatur, IL 62522, USA
Received 14 August 2012; Accepted 11 September 2012
Academic Editors: G. C. Jagetia and T. E. Stoker
Copyright © 2012 Jessica D. Rich et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- C. P. R. Institute, “Nationalpesticide use database,” 2011, http://croplifefoundation.org/resources/pesticide-use-database/.
- W. Q. Fan, T. Yanase, H. Morinaga et al., “Atrazine-induced aromatase expression is SF-1 dependent: implications for endocrine disruption in wildlife and reproductive cancers in humans,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. 720–727, 2007.
- J. T. Sanderson, R. J. Letcher, M. Heneweer, J. P. Giesy, and M. van den Berg, “Effects of chloro-s-triazine herbicides and metabolites on aromatase activity in various human cell lines and on vitellogenin production in male carp hepatocytes,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 109, no. 10, pp. 1027–1031, 2001.
- J. T. Sanderson, W. Seinen, J. P. Giesy, and M. D. van den Berg, “2-chloro-s-triazine herbicides induce aromatase (CYP19) activity in H295R human adrenocortical carcinoma cells: a novel mechanism for estrogenicity?” Toxicological Sciences, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 121–127, 2000.
- A. C. Holloway, D. A. Anger, D. J. Crankshaw, M. Wu, and W. G. Foster, “Atrazine-induced changes in aromatase activity in estrogen sensitive target tissues,” Journal of Applied Toxicology, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 260–270, 2008.
- G. C. Delzer, P. A. Hamilton, and Geological Survey (U.S.), “National water-quality assessment program, source water-quality assessments,” U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 2007.
- N. Hanioka, H. Jinno, T. Nishimura, and M. Ando, “Changes in hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes by cis- and trans-1,2-dichloroethylenes in rat,” Xenobiotica, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 41–51, 1998.
- U. G. Survey, “Watershed regressions for pesticides (WARP) atrazine model,” 2011, http://infotrek.er.usgs.gov/warp/.
- B. D. Eitzer and A. Chevalier, “Landscape care pesticide residues in residential drinking water wells,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 420–427, 1999.
- United States, Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, “EPA methods and guidance for analysis of water,” US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, 1999.
- H. M. Selim, “Retention and runoff losses of atrazine and metribuzin in soil,” Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 1058–1071, 2003.
- Y. Oulmi, R. D. Negele, and T. Braunbeck, “Segment specificity of the cytological response in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) renal tubules following prolonged exposure to sublethal concentrations of atrazine,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 39–50, 1995.
- W. J. Hayes and E. R. Laws, Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1991.
- T. B. Hayes, L. L. Anderson, V. R. Beasley, et al., “Demasculinization and feminization of male gonads by atrazine: consistent effects across vertebrate classes,” The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. 127, no. 1-2, pp. 64–73, 2011.
- T. B. Hayes, V. Khoury, A. Narayan et al., “Atrazine induces complete feminization and chemical castration in male African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis),” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 107, no. 10, pp. 4612–4617, 2010.
- Cyanazine: special review position document 1 U. S. E. P. A. O. o. P. a. T. Substances, 1985.
- Health Advisory Summary: Cyanazine U. S. E. P. A. O. o. D. Water, 1988.
- Integrated Risk Information System, 1995.
- Health Advisory Summary: Simazine U. S. E. P. A. O. o. D. Water, 1988.
- A. L. Rayburn, D. D. Moody, and J. L. Freeman, “Cytotoxicity of technical grade versus formulations of atrazine and acetochlor using mammalian cells,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 691–698, 2005.
- Federal register: pesticide tolerances for acetochlor, U. S. E. P. Agency, 1994.
- N. Turque, K. Palmier, S. Le Mével, C. Alliot, and B. A. Demeneix, “A rapid, physiologic protocol for testing transcriptional effects of thyroid-disrupting agents in premetamorphic Xenopus tadpoles,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 113, no. 11, pp. 1588–1593, 2005.
- D. Crump, K. Werry, N. Veldhoen, G. van Aggelen, and C. C. Helbing, “Exposure to the herbicide acetochlor alters thyroid hormone-dependent gene expression and metamorphosis in Xenopus laevis,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 110, no. 12, pp. 1199–1205, 2002.
- U. S. E. P. Agency, “Registration standard (second round review) for the reregistration of pesticide products containing chlorpyrifos,” 1989.
- K. A. Usmani, T. M. Cho, R. L. Rose, and E. Hodgson, “Inhibition of the human liver microsomal and human cytochrome P450 1A2 and 3A4 metabolism of estradiol by deployment-related and other chemicals,” Drug Metabolism and Disposition, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 1606–1614, 2006.
- K. A. Usmani, R. L. Rose, and E. Hodgson, “Inhibition and activation of the human liver microsomal and human cytochrome P450 3A4 metabolism of testosterone by deployment-related chemicals,” Drug Metabolism and Disposition, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 384–391, 2003.
- Tolerances in food administered by EPA: resmethrin U. S. E. P. Agency, 1983.
- L. Albanito, R. Lappano, A. Madeo et al., “G-Protein-coupled receptor 30 and estrogen receptor-α are involved in the proliferative effects induced by Atrazine in ovarian cancer cells,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 116, no. 12, pp. 1648–1655, 2008.
- E. Diamanti-Kandarakis, J. P. Bourguignon, L. C. Giudice et al., “Endocrine-disrupting chemicals: an endocrine society scientific statement,” Endocrine Reviews, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 293–342, 2009.
- J. C. Harrell, W. W. Dye, D. C. Allred et al., “Estrogen receptor positive breast cancer metastasis: altered hormonal sensitivity and tumor aggressiveness in lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes,” Cancer Research, vol. 66, no. 18, pp. 9308–9315, 2006.
- P. B. Gupta and C. Kuperwasser, “Contributions of estrogen to ER-negative breast tumor growth,” The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. 102, no. 1–5, pp. 71–78, 2006.
- Y. Berthois, J. A. Katzenellenbogen, and B. S. Katzenellenbogen, “Phenol red in tissue culture media is a weak estrogen: implications concerning the study of estrogen-responsive cells in culture,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 83, no. 8, pp. 2496–2500, 1986.
- H. D. Soule, T. M. Maloney, S. R. Wolman et al., “Isolation and characterization of a spontaneously immortalized human breast epithelial cell line, MCF-10,” Cancer Research, vol. 50, no. 18, pp. 6075–6086, 1990.
- M. A. Lane, L. Romagnoli, B. Cruise, and G. M. Cohn, “Spontaneous conversion to estrogen receptor expression by the human breast epithelial cell line, MCF-10A,” Oncology Reports, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 507–511, 1999.
- U. S. E. P. Agency, “Drinking water regulations and health advisories,” 1996.
- Drinking water standards and health advisories U. E. O. o. Water, 2000.
- J. R. Schultz-Norton, K. A. Walt, Y. S. Ziegler et al., “The deoxyribonucleic acid repair protein flap endonuclease-1 modulates estrogen-responsive gene expression,” Molecular Endocrinology, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1569–1580, 2007.
- J. R. Schultz-Norton, W. H. McDonald, J. R. Yates, and A. M. Nardulli, “Protein disulfide isomerase serves as a molecular chaperone to maintain estrogen receptor α structure and function,” Molecular Endocrinology, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1982–1995, 2006.
- J. R. Schultz, L. N. Petz, and A. M. Nardulli, “Cell- and ligand-specific regulation of promoters containing activator protein-1 and Sp1 sites by estrogen receptors α and β,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 280, no. 1, pp. 347–354, 2005.
- L. N. Konda and Z. Pásztor, “Environmental distribution of acetochlor, atrazine, chlorpyrifos, and propisochlor under field conditions,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 3859–3863, 2001.
- H. D. Soule, J. Vazquez, A. Long, et al., “A human cell line from a pleural effusion derived from a breast carcinoma,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 1409–1416, 1973.
- P. K. Mills and R. Yang, “Regression analysis of pesticide use and breast cancer incidence in California Latinas,” Journal of Environmental Health, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 15–44, 2006.
- K. Muir, S. Rattanamongkolgul, M. Smallman-Raynor, M. Thomas, S. Downer, and C. Jenkinson, “Breast cancer incidence and its possible spatial association with pesticide application in two counties of England,” Public Health, vol. 118, no. 7, pp. 513–520, 2004.
- T. Long, “Groundwater contamination in the vicinity of agrichemical mixing and loading facilities,” pp. 139–149, 1989.
- D. Edwards, “Reregistration eligibility decision for simazine,” EPA 738-R-06-008, U. S. E. P. Agency, United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2006.
- K. M. Curtis, D. A. Savitz, C. R. Weinberg, and T. E. Arbuckle, “The effect of pesticide exposure on time to pregnancy,” Epidemiology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 112–117, 1999.
- D. A. Savitz, T. Arbuckle, D. Kaczor, and K. M. Curtis, “Male pesticide exposure and pregnancy outcome,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 146, no. 12, pp. 1025–1036, 1997.
- L. E. Sever, T. E. Arbuckle, and A. Sweeney, “Reproductive and developmental effects of occupational pesticide exposure: the epidemiologic evidence,” Occupational Medicine, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 305–325, 1997.
- R. Munger, P. Isacson, S. Hu et al., “Intrauterine growth retardation in Iowa communities with herbicide-contaminated drinking water supplies,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 308–314, 1997.
- P. Romitti, S. Watanabe-Galloway, W. Budelier et al., “Identification of iowa live births in the agricultural health study,” Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 154–162, 2010.
- J. Spurzem, “Environmental health in agriculture,” Partners in Agricultural Health Project W. O. o. R. Health, 2002.
- L. S. Engel, D. A. Hill, J. A. Hoppin et al., “Pesticide use and breast cancer risk among farmers' wives in the agricultural health study,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 161, no. 2, pp. 121–135, 2005.
- A. P. Høyer, P. Grandjean, T. Jørgensen, J. W. Brock, and H. B. Hartvig, “Organochlorine exposure and risk of breast cancer,” The Lancet, vol. 352, no. 9143, pp. 1816–1820, 1998.
- D. A. Berry, C. Cirrincione, I. C. Henderson et al., “Estrogen-receptor status and outcomes of modern chemotherapy for patients with node-positive breast cancer,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 295, no. 14, pp. 1658–1667, 2006.
- S. Paik, G. Tang, S. Shak et al., “Gene expression and benefit of chemotherapy in women with node-negative, estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 24, no. 23, pp. 3726–3734, 2006.
- L. J. Van't Veer, H. Dai, M. J. van de Vijver et al., “Gene expression profiling predicts clinical outcome of breast cancer,” Nature, vol. 415, no. 6871, pp. 530–536, 2002.