Table 3: Complications at presentation.

Complications
Frequency (%)

Stones41 (16.2)
Hernias38 (15.0)
Bleeding37 (14.6)
Urinary tract infection27 (10.7)
Hydronephrosis/hydroureters21 (8.3)
Haemorrhoids20 (7.9)
Renal impairment18 (7.1)
Hydrocele (incidental finding)12 (4.7)