Table 16: Sensitivity analysis of high-risk and general populations of studies of the association between circumcision status and various sexually transmitted infections.

Random-effects odds ratio95% confidence intervalHeterogeneity chi-square (df)

Genital discharge syndrome
 High-risk populations1.181.11–1.252.14 (3)
 General populations0.770.59–0.9916.78 (5)
NSU
 High-risk populations0.950.73–1.5513.90 (6)
 General populations0.610.48–0.7611.76 (4)
Chlamydia
 High-risk populations1.020.83–1.269.49 (6)
 General populations0.770.46–1.3122.40 (6)
Gonorrhea
 High-risk populations1.090.86–1.4077.07 (15)
 General populations1.020.88–1.1811.12 (10)
GUD
 High-risk populations1.911.50–2.4315.63 (6)
 General populations1.341.13–1.593.78 (4)
Syphilis
 High-risk populations1.401.06–1.8539.45 (12)
 General populations1.221.00–1.4927.96(15)
Herpes simplex
 High-risk populations1.200.99–1.4623.15 (14)
 General population1.060.78–1.45124.28 (17)
Genital warts
 High-risk populations0.910.58–1.4428.16 (7)
 General populations0.780.63–0.968.61 (6)
Any HPV
 High-risk populations1.240.85–1.8214.13 (8)
 General populations1.230.97–1.5524.10 (15)
High-risk HPV
 High-risk populations1.080.72–1.6315.82 (8)
 General populations1.210.92–1.5828.65 (15)
Any STD
 High-risk populations0.960.79–1.176.29(4)
 General populations0.840.69–1.02296.71 (20)
 General populations; no Langerin0.790.69–0.9043.59 (19)