Table 7: Studies of the association between circumcision status and the prevalence of gonorrhea.

StudyIntact +ve/−veCircumcised +ve/−veOdds ratio95% confidence intervalExact odds ratioExact confidence interval

Aynaud 1/1610/480.900.04–22.470.29630.0076–[11.5518]
Bailey 58/11855/890.800.50–1.260.79590.4892–1.2944
Cook 87/453175/20612.261.72–2.982.26161.6436–3.0031
Dave 53/478015/9670.710.40–1.270.71480.3950–1.3714
Diseker110/212294/6221.090.84–1.441.09770.8299–1.4474
Donovan 8/10719/1660.650.28–1.550.65410.2388–1.6331
Ferris29/157352/23020.820.52–1.290.81620.4972–1.3164
Gray et al. [44]*25/21773/4351.670.50–5.541.66490.5046–8.6526
Gray et al. [163]*29/26134/4731.310.46–3.751.31230.4578–5.1610
Hand (black) 473/25071/511.360.92–2.011.35850.8987–2.0434
Hand (white) 399/388123/820.690.50–0.940.68580.4947–0.9474
Hart 56/292048/49681.981.35–2.931.98481.3217–2.9904
Laumann; 1–4 partners 9/44012/5420.920.39–2.210.92390.3405–2.4141
Laumann; 5–20 partners 64/38058/4801.390.95–2.041.39340.9361–2.0775
Laumann; 21+ partners 37/15355/1780.780.49–1.250.78310.4743–1.2826
Lavrey 14/8188/5631.110.60–2.041.10560.5541–2.0721
Lloyd 203/17875/430.650.43–1.000.65440.4161–1.0203
Parker 54/53643/6861.611.06–2.441.60671.0385–2.4983
Reynolds 110/11977/1842.421.11–5.272.41451.1090–6.2430
Richters85/3471112/53381.170.88–1.551.16710.8669–1.5666
Rodriguez-Diaz59/38728/1861.010.63–1.641.01270.6122–1.7074
Schrek (white) 22/13010/260.440.19–1.040.44230.1750–1.1733
Schrek (black) 50/7319/260.940.47–1.870.93760.4447–2.0000
SmithNANA1.140.92–1.411.140.92–1.41
Talukdar19/34510/920.510.23–1.130.50750.2157–1.2662
Taylor 72/23521/831.210.70–2.091.21040.6846–2.2069
Wilson 640/360229/750.580.44–0.780.58250.4291–0.7847
Random effects summary effect:1.02720.86–1.23

Heterogeneity chi-square ( ) was 88.81 ( ).
The Rakai data published in 2004 was used in calculating the summary effect odds ratio.