Table 8: Studies of the association between circumcision status and the prevalence of genital ulcerative disease.

StudyIntact +ve/−veCircumcised +ve/−veOdds ratio95% confidence intervalExact odds ratiosExact confidence interval

Agot 133/31293/3011.381.01–1.881.37921.0020–1.9032
Barile 32/315/3222.766.00–86.2921.74185.5279–128.4283
Burundi63/159717/8692.021.17–3.472.01601.1564–3.6993
Bwayo58/118179/5831.601.12–2.291.60001.0988–2.3141
Gray et al. [44]*297/430265/8430.900.68–1.180.89540.6751–1.2021
Gray et al. [163]*383/408764/7611.110.85–1.471.11430.8428–1.49261
Lavreys13/8246/6052.091.08–4.022.08250.9888–4.1281
Newell 52/130418/6281.390.81–2.401.39110.7926–2.5488
Seed 142/45241/2021.551.05–2.271.54701.0407–2.3358
Simonsen23/4735/1962.741.48–5.072.72971.4016–5.2706
Telzak239/105211/2032.191.62–2.962.18761.6056–2.9905
Tyndall48/130150/4821.190.81–1.731.18620.7937–1.7548
Warner492/46731836/335701.931.73–2.141.92501.7300–2.1378
Random effects summary effect:1.67601.3926–2.0170

Heterogeneity chi-square ( ) was 31.09 using MH ( ).
The Rakai data published in 2004 was used in calculating the summary odds ratio.