Table 1: Reduction of major/minor complications through specific interventional techniques, Liss et al. [49].

ComplicationsClavien Old rateResolutionNew rateAdjusted value*

Corneal abrasion14/200Foam-based safety goggles1/800 0.030
(2.0%)(0.1%)
Fossa strictures3 a10/165Avoidance ≥ 20 F catheters 1/835 0.031
(6.1%)(0.1%)
Bladder neck contractions (BNC)3 a/3 b6/592Addition of “Rocco” Stitch to Van Velthoven single knot anastomosis1/408 0.052
(1.0%)(0.2%)
Camera site hernias3 b40/735Transverse Incision1/265 <0.001
(5.4%)(0.4%)
Pulmonary embolus4 a5/190Thigh-high pneumatic compression early and persistent ambulation0/8100.863
(2.6%)(0%)

Adjusted for age, BMI, and surgeon learning curve.