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ISRN Urology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 698351, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/698351
Clinical Study

The Effect of Varicocelectomy on Sperm Parameters in Subfertile Men with Clinical Varicoceles Who Have Asthenozoospermia or Teratozoospermia with Normal Sperm Density

1Department of Urology, Hisar Intercontinental Hospital, Saray Mahallesi, Siteyolu Caddesi No. 7, Umraniye, 34768 Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Urology, Maltepe University Medical School, Maltepe, 34844 Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Hisar Intercontinental Hospital, Saray Mahallesi, Siteyolu Caddesi No. 7, Umraniye, 34768 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 5 July 2013; Accepted 27 August 2013

Academic Editors: J. S. Elder and G. Haidl

Copyright © 2013 Basri Cakiroglu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. To compare preoperative and postoperative sperm parameters such as sperm count, motility, and morphology in patients with normal sperm concentration with teratozoospermia and asthenozoospermia. Materials and Methods. Hundred and six patients with varicocele associated with male infertility over a 5-year period were included into the study. Pre- and postvaricocelectomy seminal fluid parameters evaluation according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria was performed at 4–6-month intervals. Results. One hundred and six patients met the criteria. The mean age of patients was 24.53 ± 8.13. The mean duration of infertility was 3.6 years (range: 1.5–6.3). Only the sperm motility of patients with normospermia showed a significant improvement postoperatively. Conclusions. No significant improvement in sperm morphology may be obtained in patients with clinical varicocele and preoperative normospermia.