Table 2: Characteristics of patients who needed emergent open surgical exploration for bleeding after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

GenderAge (year)AccessTime between PCNL and intervention (h)Blood pHHemoglobin (preop/postop)Eritrosit transfusion (unit)Hospitalisation (day)

M41Subcostal lower pole107.25 12.2/8.865
M56Subcostal lower pole67.2312.3/7.7410
M40Subcostal lower pole127.2014.2/9.839
M19Subcostal lower pole247.2014.4/8.657
M55Subcostal lower pole47.2013.4/8.64ex