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ISRN Urology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 863489, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/863489
Clinical Study

A Dual 5α-Reductase Inhibitor Dutasteride Caused Reductions in Vascular Density and Area in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

1Department of Urology, Kanto Rosai Hospital, 1-1 Kizukisumiyoshi-cho, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki 211-8510, Japan
2Department of Pathology, Kanto Rosai Hospital, 1-1 Kizukisumiyoshi-cho, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki 211-8510, Japan

Received 29 November 2012; Accepted 19 December 2012

Academic Editors: C. E. Constantinou, J. H. Ku, and R. Shamloul

Copyright © 2013 Masayoshi Zaitsu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Dutasteride, a dual 5α-reductase inhibitor, is used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. Nevertheless, its histopathological effects on the morphometrics of blood vessels and glands are still controversial. The aim here was to assess the histopathological effects of dutasteride in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia in a retrospective study. Methods. Patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia more than 40 cm3 in prostatic volume were administered 0.5 mg of dutasteride daily or left untreated prior to receiving a transurethral resection of the prostate. Images of sections stained with hematoxylin/eosin and with anti-CD31 antibody were analyzed. Results. In the dutasteride-treated group, the duration of administration was weeks. Artery/arteriole density and vein/venule density in benign prostatic tissue were both lower in the dutasteride-treated group than in the control group. The vein/venule area as a percentage of the whole area was also lower in the dutasteride-treated group, while the artery/arteriole area did not show a significant difference. Glandular/CD31-expressing vessel densities as well as glandular/CD31-expressing vessel areas were comparable between the two groups. Conclusions. Dutasteride reduced the artery/arteriole and vein/venule densities and the proportion of vein/venule area in the tissue of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia.