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ISRN Veterinary Science
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 492650, 17 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/492650
Review Article

A Review of Equine Laparoscopy

1American College of Veterinary Surgeons, USA
2College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA

Received 26 July 2012; Accepted 5 October 2012

Academic Editors: R. Harasawa and M. H. Kogut

Copyright © 2012 Dean A. Hendrickson. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Minimally invasive surgery in the human was first identified in mid 900’s. The procedure as is more commonly practiced now was first reported in 1912. There have been many advances and new techniques developed in the past 100 years. Equine laparoscopy, was first reported in the 1970’s, and similarly has undergone much transformation in the last 40 years. It is now considered the standard of care in many surgical techniques such as cryptorchidectomy, ovariectomy, nephrosplenic space ablation, standing abdominal exploratory, and many other reproductive surgeries. This manuscript describes the history of minimally invasive surgery, and highlights many of the techniques that are currently performed in equine surgery. Special attention is given to instrumentation, ligating techniques, and the surgical principles of equine minimally invasive surgery.