Table 1: Comparison of bronchial epithelial components in atopic and nonatopic asthma.

Cell types or epithelial componentsAtopic asthmaNonatopic asthma

Ciliated columnarDamage ++Damage + [23, 24]
DesmosomesBreakdown ++Breakdown + [23]
GobletHyperplasia +Hyperplasia − [23]
Basal cellsDamage +/−Damage +/− [23]
Basement membraneThickening ++Thickening + [23, 24, 2830]
EosinophilsInfiltration +++Infiltration +++ [20, 24, 33]
NeutrophilsInfiltration +Infiltration ++ [24, 34]
Mast cellsInfiltration ++Infiltration + [23]
LymphocytesInfiltration +++Infiltration ++ [21, 23, 24]
MacrophagesInfiltration +Infiltration ++ [2022]