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ISRN Allergy
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 391641, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/391641
Clinical Study

Camel Milk Is a Safer Choice than Goat Milk for Feeding Children with Cow Milk Allergy

1Section of Pediatric Allergy-Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Hamad Medical Corporation, P.O. Box 3050, Doha, Qatar
2Weill Cornell Medical College, Doha, Qatar
3Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
4Department of Public Health, Weill Cornell Medical College, Doha, Qatar
5Deptartment Evidence for Population Health Unit, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
6Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
7Department of Pediatrics, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar

Received 13 April 2011; Accepted 20 May 2011

Academic Editors: A. Fukushima, R. Paganelli, and B. Vonakis

Copyright © 2011 Mohammad Ehlayel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Various sources of mammalian milk have been tried in CMA. Objectives. To determine whether camel milk is safer than goat milk in CMA. Methods. Prospective study conducted at Hamad Medical Corporation between April 2007 and April 2010, on children with CMA. Each child had medical examination, CBC, total IgE, cow milk-specific IgE and SPT. CMA children were tested against fresh camel and goat milks. Results. Of 38 children (median age 21.5 months), 21 (55.3%) presented with urticaria, 17 (39.5%) atopic dermatitis, 10 (26.3%) anaphylaxis. WBC was 1 0 , 0 3 9 ± 4 , 7 3 5  cells/μL, eosinophil 1 , 1 4 3 ± 2 , 2 1 3  cells/μL, IgE 6 9 4 ± 9 2 1  IU/mL, cow's milk-specific-IgE 2 3 . 5 ± 3 5 . 6  KU/L. Only 7 children (18.4%) tested positive to camel milk and 24 (63.2%) to goat milk. 6 (15.8%) were positive to camel, goat, and cow milks. Patients with negative SPT tolerated well camel and goat milks. Conclusions. In CMA, SPT indicates low cross-reactivity between camel milk and cow milk, and camel milk is a safer alternative than goat milk.