Table 1: Antibodies associated with various phenotypical presentations of lupus (adapted from [6]).

Phenotypical presentationTypical autoantibody profile

Nephritis, photosensitivity, serositisAnti-ds DNA
PhotosensitivityAnti-Ro/La
Neonatal lupus syndromesAnti-Ro/La
Coagulopathy, thrombocytopenia, CNS syndromesLupus anticoagulant, antiphospholipid antibodies
Raynaud’s disease, myositis, and cardiopulmonary lesionsAnti-RNP
Drug-induced lupusAntihistone