Table 2: Different types of phytoliths observed and their abbreviations.

Si. no.TypeAbbreviation

(1)Associated epidermal polygonal cellsAEP
(2)Associated long cellsALC
(3)Associated papillaAP
(4)Associated short cellsAS
(5)Bulliform elementsBE
(6)Stomatal complexSC
(7)Subepidermal elementsSEE
(8)Simple bilobateSB
(9)Complex bilobateCB
(10)Nodular bilobateNB
(11)QuadralobateQ
(12)Normal saddleS
(13)ElongateE
(14)FanF
(15)Horned towersHT
(16)MacrohairsLH
(17)MicrohairsMH
(18)Prickle hairsPR
(19)PapillaP

Abbreviations for lobate phytoliths are followed by C, F, or X denoting concave, fattened, or convex margins.