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ISRN Cardiology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 269680, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/269680
Review Article

Computational Cardiology: The Heart of the Matter

Department of Biomedical Engineering and Institute for Computational Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Hackerman Hall Room 216, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA

Received 16 August 2012; Accepted 6 September 2012

Academic Editors: T. Ohe and A. Szekely

Copyright © 2012 Natalia A. Trayanova. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper reviews the newest developments in computational cardiology. It focuses on the contribution of cardiac modeling to the development of new therapies as well as the advancement of existing ones for cardiac arrhythmias and pump dysfunction. Reviewed are cardiac modeling efforts aimed at advancing and optimizing existent therapies for cardiac disease (defibrillation, ablation of ventricular tachycardia, and cardiac resynchronization therapy) and at suggesting novel treatments, including novel molecular targets, as well as efforts to use cardiac models in stratification of patients likely to benefit from a given therapy, and the use of models in diagnostic procedures.