Table 2: Comparison of the sense of performance expectancy for public health nurse.

Supervised group

Seminar group

Control group

ANOVA^{‡} value

T1*, mean (SD)

32.6 (3.7)

35.1 (4.9)

32.9 (6.3)

0.229

T2*, mean (SD)

34.3 (3.1)

35.9 (6.1)

35.0 (6.6)

0.690

T3*, mean (SD)

37.1 (3.7)

36.5 (5.7)

35.6 (6.6)

0.630

RE^{†}, mean (SD)

32.4 (3.6)

34.5 (6.2)

33.8 (6.9)

0.585

T2-T1, mean (SD)

1.7 (3.6)

0.8 (4.5)

2.3 (7.2)

0.651

T3-T1, mean (SD)

4.4 (4.4)

1.5 (4.1)

2.7 (7.2)

0.342

T3-T2, mean (SD)

2.8 (3.5)

0.4 (3.5)

0.5 (5.3)

0.194

T3-RE, mean (SD)

4.7 (4.1)

2.1 (2.7)

1.6 (3.3)

0.010

T1-T2-T3 main effects^{§} (, )

11.28, <0.001

1.15, 0.328

4.03, 0.022

*T1: baseline assessment, T2: one month after 1-day training seminar, T3: three months after 1-day training seminar. ^{†}RE: the score recalled evaluation of T1 on time T3. ^{‡}ANOVA: analysis of variance. ^{§}Results of repeated measures ANOVA.