Table 1: General performance of the TVAR(p) models.

𝑝 RMSE ( 𝜇 g m−3)MAPE (%) 𝑅 2 IA

135.4944.340.480.83
235.4845.540.480.83
335.0345.680.480.83
434.9345.670.490.83
534.6745.890.490.83
634.6546.020.490.83
734.6446.040.500.83