- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 456821, 4 pages
Why I Cannot Find the Prostate? Behind the Subjectivity of Rectal Exam
Department of Urology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, School of Medicine, P.O. Box 3235, Jerusalem 91031, Israel
Received 5 November 2011; Accepted 4 December 2011
Academic Editors: T. J. Maatman, F. Staerman, and A. C. Thorpe
Copyright © 2012 Dmitry Koulikov et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- C. G. Roehrborn, C. J. Girman, T. Rhodes et al., “Correlation between prostate size estimated by digital rectal examination and measured by transrectal ultrasound,” Urology, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 548–557, 1997.
- S. Loeb, M. Han, K. A. Roehl, J. A. V. Antenor, and W. J. Catalona, “Accuracy of prostate weight estimation by digital rectal examination versus transrectal ultrasonography,” Journal of Urology, vol. 173, no. 1, pp. 63–65, 2005.
- W. J. Catalona, J. P. Richie, F. R. Ahmann et al., “Comparison of digital rectal examination and serum prostate specific antigen in the early detection of prostate cancer: results of a multicenter clinical trial of 6,630 men,” Journal of Urology, vol. 151, no. 5, pp. 1283–1290, 1994.
- F. H. Schroder, P. van der Maas, P. Beemsterboer, et al., “Evaluation of the digital rectal examination as a screening test for prostate cancer. Rotterdam section of the European randomized study of screening for prostate cancer,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 90, no. 23, pp. 1817–1823, 1998.
- A. N. Vis, R. F. Hoedemaeker, M. Roobol, T. H. Van Der Kwast, and F. H. Schrder, “Tumor characteristics in screening for prostate cancer with and without rectal examination as an initial screening test at low PSA (0.0–3.9 ng/ml),” Prostate, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 252–261, 2001.
- A. N. Vis, R. Kranse, M. Roobol, T. H. Van Der Kwast, and F. H. Schröder, “Serendipity in detecting disease in low prostate-specific antigen ranges,” BJU International, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 384–389, 2002.
- J. B. Marshall, “How adequate is digital rectal exam for prostate cancer screening at colonoscopy? Can adequacy be improved?” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 719–722, 2008.
- R. J. Babaian, H. A. Fritsche, and R. B. Evans, “Prostate-specific antigen and prostate gland volume: correlation and clinical application,” Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 135–137, 1990.
- C. G. Roehrborn, H. K. W. Chinn, and P. F. Fulgham, “The role of transabdominal ultrasound in the preoperative evaluation of patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy,” Journal of Urology, vol. 135, no. 6, pp. 1190–1193, 1986.
- C. G. Roehrborn, J. McConnell, J. Bonilla, et al., “Serum prostate specific antigen is a strong predictor of future prostate growth in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. PROSCAR long-term efficacy and safety study,” Journal of Urology, vol. 163, no. 1, pp. 13–20, 2000.
- G. L. Andriole, C. D. Berg, E. D. Crawford et al., “Mortality results from a randomized prostate-cancer screening trial,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 360, no. 13, pp. 1310–1319, 2009.
- F. H. Schröder, J. Hugosson, M. J. Roobol et al., “Screening and prostate-cancer mortality in a randomized european study,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 360, no. 13, pp. 1320–1328, 2009.
- A. J. Stephenson, P. T. Scardino, J. A. Eastham et al., “Preoperative nomogram predicting the 10-year probability of prostate cancer recurrence after radical prostatectomy,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 98, no. 10, pp. 715–717, 2006.
- P. L. Ross, C. Gerigk, M. Gonen et al., “Comparisons of nomograms and urologists' predictions in prostate cancer,” Seminars in Urologic Oncology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 82–88, 2002.
- A. W. Partin, M. W. Kattan, E. N. P. Subong et al., “Combination of prostate-specific antigen, clinical stage, and Gleason score to predict pathological stage of localized prostate cancer: a multi- institutional update,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 277, no. 18, pp. 1445–1451, 1997.
- C. Gosselaar, M. J. Roobol, S. Roemeling, and F. H. Schröder, “The role of the digital rectal examination in subsequent screening visits in the European randomized study of screening for prostate cancer (ERSPC), Rotterdam,” European Urology, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 581–588, 2008.
- C. Gosselaar, M. J. Roobol, R. C. N. van den Bergh, T. Wolters, and F. H. Schröder, “Digital rectal examination and the diagnosis of prostate cancer-a study based on 8 years and three screenings within the European randomized study of screening for prostate cancer (ERSPC), Rotterdam,” European Urology, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 139–147, 2009.
- C. J. Fowler, “Investigation of the neurogenic bladder,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 6–13, 1996.