Table 1: Sociodemographics of domestic violence clients who visited the emergency room.

Multiple visits (%)Single visits (%)Odds ratio 95% confidence intervals

Gender of victim
 Female245 (95.3)2029 (90.3)2.18 (1.20–3.96)
 Male 12 (4.7)217 (9.7)
Gender of perpetrator
 Female15 (5.8)201 (8.9)1.58 (0.92–2.73)
 Male 242 (94.2) 2045 (91.1)
Previous abuse by a different perpetrator
 Yes127 (77.0)677 (49.9)3.35 (2.30–4.90)
 No38 (23.0)680 (50.1)
Abused in childhood
 Yes78 (63.9)488 (46.2)2.07 (1.40–3.05)
 No44 (36.1)569 (53.8)
Victim relationship to perpetrator
 Married/live in 144 (62.3)1288 (66.6)1
 Dating57 (24.7)359 (18.6)0.94 (0.62–1.42)
 Separated divorced30 (13.0)286 (14.8)1.42 (1.02–1.97)
Ethnicity
 European127 (49.8)1136 (51.8)1.00
 Chinese or other East Asia 14 (5.5)470 (21.4)0.27 (0.15–0.47)
 India/Pakistan6 (2.4)121 (5.5)0.44 (0.19–1.03)
 Central/South America5 (2.0)64 (2.9)0.70 (0.27–1.77)
 Middle East5 (2.0)32 (1.5)1.40 (0.53–3.65)
 First Nations98 (32.4)371 (16.4)2.36 (1.78–3.15)
 Other1 (0.4)14 (0.6)
Language spoken at home
 English223 (88.8)1555 (73.3)1.00
 Chinese/Mandarin/Cantonese6 (2.4)201 (9.5)0.21 (0.09–0.48)
 Punjabi4 (1.6)82 (3.9)0.34 (0.12–0.94)
 Other18 (7.2)284 (13.4)0.44 (0.27–0.73)
Age
 10–199 (3.5)136 (6.1)0.93 (0.45–1.94)
 20–2948 (18.7)676 (30.5)1.00
 30–3986 (33.5)678 (30.5)1.79 (1.24–2.58)
 40–4973 (28.4)420 (18.9)2.45 (1.67–3.59)
 50–5925 (9.7)168 (7.6)2.10 (1.26–3.50)
 60 and over 6 (2.3)80 (3.6)1.59 (0.88–2.88)