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ISRN Immunology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 609128, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/609128
Review Article

HIV and AIDS Programmes in Zimbabwe: Implications for the Health System

Sociology Department, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe

Received 18 September 2011; Accepted 25 October 2011

Academic Editor: I. Mezzaroma

Copyright © 2012 Tafadzwa Chevo and Sandra Bhatasara. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the implications of HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, and care programmes on the health system in Zimbabwe. The programmes have been spearheaded by various stakeholders that include the public and private sectors, nongovernmental organizations, formal and informal institutions, and intergovernmental organizations. There has been a tremendous increase of the programmes as they adapt to local contexts, accommodate new funders, and changes in population attitudes, and expectations in the country. Through a comprehensive literature review, this paper focuses on Behaviour Change, the Antiretroviral Therapy, Home-Based Care, Prevention to Mother To Child Transmission and Voluntary Counselling and Testing programmes and services in relation to the components of the health system that include health service delivery, human resources, finance, leadership and governance, and the medical products and technologies. Thus far, the implications are uneven throughout the health system and there is need to integrate the HIV and AIDS programmes within the health system in order to achieve positive heath outcomes.