Table 6: PID parameters considered for Process 3.

Method 𝐾 𝑝 𝑇 𝑖 𝑇 𝑑

Linearised (VC)−0.95135.53630.5235
Vivek and Chidambaram (VC1)−0.95245.62280.5304
Majhi and Atherton−1.18554.72550.4377
PSO PID−0.87225.40730.3645