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ISRN Botany
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 723157, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/723157
Research Article

Ethnobotanical Knowledge of Sterculia setigera Del. in the Sudanian Zone of Togo (West Africa)

1Laboratory of Botany and Plant Ecology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lomé, P.O. Box 1515, Lome, Togo
2Laboratory of Pharmacology/Physiology Faculty of Sciences, University of Lomé, P.O. Box 1515, Lome, Togo

Received 27 August 2012; Accepted 19 September 2012

Academic Editors: R. Shin and J. H. Titus

Copyright © 2012 Wouyo Atakpama et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Ethnobotanical knowledge is useful in development of management and conservation of plant genetic resources. In this study, ethnobotanical investigations were conducted in Sudanian zone of Togo to identify use values knowledge of Sterculia setigera tree. Information was obtained with the aid of semistructured interviews. Three (3) ethnic groups: Bassar, Moba, and Konkomba belonging to ten (10) localities were investigated. Use knowledge of Sterculia setigera through these ethnic groups was assessed using four use indices: reported use (RU), plant part value (PPV), specific reported use (SU), and intraspecific use value (IUV). Sixty (60) informants of 43 years old were interviewed. The plant parts values and specific uses are raised more in the Moba's ethnic group. The main quoted uses are medicinal, religious, food, and cosmetic. Thus, fourteen (14) treatments of ailments are assigned to it. Considering the various uses, it is crucial to validate scientifically the therapeutic uses and safety of these plants through phytochemical screening, different biological activity tests, and toxicological studies.