About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
ISRN Ceramics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 754704, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/754704
Research Article

Mechanochemical Synthesis of Fluorapatite-Zinc Oxide (FAp-ZnO) Composite Nanopowders

Materials Engineering Department, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O. Box 8514143131, Najafabad, Isfahan, Iran

Received 20 May 2012; Accepted 10 July 2012

Academic Editors: H. Maiwa, C.-F. Yang, and K. Zupan

Copyright © 2012 Bahman Nasiri-Tabrizi and Abbas Fahami. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. J. Kalita, A. Bhardwaj, and H. A. Bhatt, “Nanocrystalline calcium phosphate ceramics in biomedical engineering,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 441–449, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. W. Kim, L. H. Li, Y. H. Koh, J. C. Knowles, and H. E. Kim, “Sol-gel preparation and properties of fluoride-substituted hydroxyapatite powders,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 87, no. 10, pp. 1939–1944, 2004. View at Scopus
  3. M. H. Fathi and E. Mohammadi Zahrani, “Mechanical alloying synthesis and bioactivity evaluation of nanocrystalline fluoridated hydroxyapatite,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 311, no. 5, pp. 1392–1403, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. H. Fathi, E. Mohammadi Zahrani, and A. Zomorodian, “Novel fluorapatite/niobium composite coating for metallic human body implants,” Materials Letters, vol. 63, no. 13-14, pp. 1195–1198, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Zeng, K. K. Chittur, and W. R. Lacefield, “Analysis of bovine serum albumin adsorption on calcium phosphate and titanium surfaces,” Biomaterials, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 377–384, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. W. Kim, Y. M. Kong, C. J. Bae, Y. J. Noh, and H. E. Kim, “Sol-gel derived fluor-hydroxyapatite biocoatings on zirconia substrate,” Biomaterials, vol. 25, no. 15, pp. 2919–2926, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. Viswanath and N. Ravishankar, “Interfacial reactions in hydroxyapatite/alumina nanocomposites,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 55, no. 10, pp. 863–866, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Ramachandra Rao and T. S. Kannan, “Synthesis and sintering of hydroxyapatite-zirconia composites,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 20, no. 1-2, pp. 187–193, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Z. Evis, “Reactions in hydroxylapatite-zirconia composites,” Ceramics International, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 987–991, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Nath, R. Tripathi, and B. Basu, “Understanding phase stability, microstructure development and biocompatibility in calcium phosphate-titania composites, synthesized from hydroxyapatite and titanium powder mix,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 97–107, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Adolfsson, M. Nygren, and L. Hermansson, “Decomposition mechanisms in aluminum oxide-apatite systems,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 2909–2912, 1999. View at Scopus
  12. H. W. Kim, Y. M. Kong, Y. H. Koh, H. E. Kim, H. M. Kim, and J. S. Ko, “Pressureless sintering and mechanical and biological properties of fluor-hydroxyapatite composites with zirconia,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 86, no. 12, pp. 2019–2026, 2003. View at Scopus
  13. F. Ben Ayed and J. Bouaziz, “Sintering of tricalcium phosphate-fluorapatite composites with zirconia,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 1995–2002, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. Mobasherpour, M. Solati-Hashjin, A. Kazemzadeh, and M. Zakeri, “s,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 430, no. 1-2, pp. 330–333, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Kivrak and A. C. Taş, “Synthesis of calcium hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate (HA-TCP) composite bioceramic powders and their sintering behavior,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 81, no. 9, pp. 2245–2252, 1998. View at Scopus
  16. F. Liu, F. Wang, T. Shimizu, K. Igarashi, and L. Zhao, “Hydroxyapatite formation on oxide films containing Ca and P by hydrothermal treatment,” Ceramics International, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 527–531, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. C. Silva, A. G. Pinheiro, M. A. R. Miranda, J. C. Góes, and A. S. B. Sombra, “Structural properties of hydroxyapatite obtained by mechanosynthesis,” Solid State Sciences, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 553–558, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Balamurugan, S. Kannan, and S. Rajeswari, “Bioactive sol-gel hydroxyapatite surface for biomedical application-in vitro study,” Trends in Biomaterials and Artificial Organs, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 18–20, 2002.
  19. C. Suryanarayana, “Mechanical alloying and milling,” Progress in Materials Science, vol. 46, no. 1-2, pp. 1–184, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. L. de Castro and B. S. Mitchell, “Nanoparticles from mechanical attrition,” in Synthesis Functionalization and Surface Treatment of Nanoparticles, M. I. Baraton, Ed., pp. 1–14, American Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch, Calif, USA, 2002.
  21. O. Gunduz, E. M. Erkan, S. Daglilar, S. Salman, S. Agathopoulos, and F. N. Oktar, “Composites of bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA) and ZnO,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 2536–2540, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Bandyopadhyay, E. A. Withey, J. Moore, and S. Bose, “Influence of ZnO doping in calcium phosphate ceramics,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 14–17, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Ebrahimi-Kahrizsangi, B. Nasiri-Tabrizi, and A. Chami, “Characterization of single-crystal fluorapatite nanoparticles synthesized via mechanochemical method,” Particuology, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 537–544, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Qian, Y. Kang, W. Zhang, and Z. Li, “Fabrication, chemical composition change and phase evolution of biomorphic hydroxyapatite,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 3373–3383, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. Singh, A. Kumar, A. Kaushal, D. Kaur, A. Pandey, and R. N. Goyal, “In situ high temperature XRD studies of ZnO nanopowder prepared via cost effective ultrasonic mist chemical vapour deposition,” Bulletin of Materials Science, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 573–577, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. E. Landi, A. Tampieri, G. Celotti, and S. Sprio, “Densification behaviour and mechanisms of synthetic hydroxyapatites,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 20, no. 14-15, pp. 2377–2387, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. P. Lafon, E. Champion, and D. Bernache-Assollant, “Processing of AB-type carbonated hydroxyapatite Ca10-x(PO4)6-x(CO3)x(OH)2-x-2y(CO3)y ceramics with controlled composition,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 139–147, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. I. Nikčević, V. Jokanović, M. Mitrić, Z. Nedić, D. Makovec, and D. Uskoković, “Mechanochemical synthesis of nanostructured fluorapatite/ fluorhydroxyapatite and carbonated fluorapatite/fluorhydroxyapatite,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 177, no. 7, pp. 2565–2574, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. Banerjee, A. Bandyopadhyay, and S. Bose, “Hydroxyapatite nanopowders: synthesis, densification and cell-materials interaction,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 729–735, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. B. Basu and K. Balani, Advanced Structural Ceramics, The American Ceramic Society, Westerville, Ohio, USA; John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 1st edition, 2011.
  31. B. Nasiri-Tabrizi, P. Honarmandi, R. Ebrahimi-Kahrizsangi, and P. Honarmandi, “Synthesis of nanosize single-crystal hydroxyapatite via mechanochemical method,” Materials Letters, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 543–546, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. Fahami, R. Ebrahimi-Kahrizsangi, and B. Nasiri-Tabrizi, “Mechanochemical synthesis of hydroxyapatite/titanium nanocomposite,” Solid State Sciences, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 135–141, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. Ebrahimi-Kahrizsangi, B. Nasiri-Tabrizi, and A. Chami, “Synthesis and characterization of fluorapatite-titania (FAp-TiO2) nanocomposite via mechanochemical process,” Solid State Sciences, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1645–1651, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus