Table 6: Sequential regression analysis examining the relationship of macro skills and overall language proficiency.

ModelTotal 𝑅 2 Δ 𝑅 2 Listening (β)Writing (β)Reading (β)Speaking (β)

1.797.797.893 (.000)
2.884.087.658 (.000).380 (.000)
3.924.044.467 (.000).311 (.000).315 (.000)
4.968.040.332 (.000).268 (.000).311 (.000).262 (.000)