Table 1: Examples of developmental neurotoxicants.

CategoryCompoundEvidence of DNT
AnimalsHumans

Methylmercury++++++++++
MetalsLead++++++++++
Manganese++++++
Arsenic+++++

SolventsEthanol++++++++++
Toluene+++++++++

Organophosphates (various)++++
PesticidesOrganochlorines (dieldrin)+−−
Herbicides (paraquat)+−−
Fungicides (maneb)+−−

PCBs+++++++
PBDEs++++
Other contaminantsPhtalates++++
Bisphenol A++−−
PFOS/PFOA+−−

Natural toxinsDomoic acid++−−

Pharmaceutical drugsAntiepileptic compounds++++++++

Drugs of abuseCocaine++++

PCBs: polychlorinated biphenyls, PBDEs: polybrominated diphenyl ethers, PFOS/PFOA: perfluorooctane sulfate/perfluorooctanic acid. Symbols (+) are arbitrary evaluations by the authors.