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ISRN Cardiology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 906109, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/906109
Clinical Study

Primary Cardiac Tumours: A Single-Center 41-Year Experience

1Department of Pathology, Innsbruck Medical University, Müllerstraße 44, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2Department of Pathology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Thalkirchner, Straße 36, 80337 Munich, Germany
3Department of Pathology and Neuropathology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, 45147 Essen, Germany
4Department of Cardiac Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstraße 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria

Received 22 February 2012; Accepted 28 March 2012

Academic Editors: A. Bobik, C. Hassager, and A. D. Szekely

Copyright © 2012 Christina Maria Steger et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Primary cardiac tumours are extremely rare with the most commonest being left atrial myxomas. In general, surgical resection is indicated, whenever the tumour formation is mobile and embolization can be suspected. Within 17280 patients receiving heart surgery at the Innsbruck Medical University, 78 patients (0.45%) underwent tumourectomy of primary cardiac tumours. The majority of patients (63) suffered from a left or right atrial myxoma, 12 showed a papillary fibroelastoma of the valves at echocardiographical or histological examination, 1 suffered from a hemangioma, 1 from a chemodectoma, and another one from a rhabdomyosarcoma. The mean age of cardiac tumour patients was 54.29  ±  13.28 years (ranging from 18 to 83 years). 67.95% of the patients were female and 32.05% were male. The majority of tumours were found incidentally; 97.44% of the patients showed no tumour recurrence.