About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
ISRN Optics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 185495, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/185495
Research Article

Thin Light Tube Formation by Tightly Focused Azimuthally Polarized Light Beams

Image Processing Systems Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Molodogvardeiskaya Street 151, Samara 443001, Russia

Received 21 June 2013; Accepted 14 July 2013

Academic Editors: A. K. Dharmadhikari and D. Poitras

Copyright © 2013 Svetlana N. Khonina and Andrey V. Ustinov. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, “Focusing light to a tighter spot,” Optics Communications, vol. 179, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 91, no. 23, Article ID 233901, 2003. View at Scopus
  3. C. J. R. Sheppard and A. Choudhury, “Annular pupils, radial polarization, and superresolution,” Applied Optics, vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 4322–4327, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. E. Helseth, “Mesoscopic orbitals in strongly focused light,” Optics Communications, vol. 224, no. 4–6, pp. 255–261, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C.-C. Sun and C.-K. Liu, “Ultrasmall focusing spot with a long depth of focus based on polarization and phase modulation,” Optics Letters, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 99–101, 2003. View at Scopus
  6. Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, “Sharper focal spot formed by higher-order radially polarized laser beams,” Journal of the Optical Society of America A, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1793–1798, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, “Creation of a needle of longitudinally polarized light in vacuum using binary optics,” Nature Photonics, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 501–505, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. N. Khonina and S. G. Volotovsky, “Controlling the contribution of the electric field components to the focus of a high-aperture lens using binary phase structures,” Journal of the Optical Society of America A, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 2188–2197, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. N. Khonina, A. V. Ustinov, and E. A. Pelevina, “Analysis of wave aberration influence on reducing focal spot size in a high-aperture focusing system,” Journal of Optics, vol. 13, no. 9, Article ID 095702, 13 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. T. di Francia, “Degrees of freedom of an image,” Journal of the Optical Society of America, vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 799–804, 1969. View at Scopus
  11. F. M. Huang and N. I. Zheludev, “Super-resolution without evanescent waves,” Nano Letters, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1249–1254, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. R. M. Sales and G. M. Morris, “Diffractive superresolution elements,” Journal of the Optical Society of America A, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1637–1646, 1997. View at Scopus
  13. S. N. Khonina and I. Golub, “Enlightening darkness to diffraction limit and beyond: comparison and optimization of different polarizations for dark spot generation,” The Journal of the Optical Society of America A, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1470–1474, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. S. N. Khonina and A. V. Ustinov, “Sharper focal spot for a radially polarized beam using ring aperture with phase jump,” Journal of Engineering, vol. 2013, Article ID 512971, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. J. Bewersdorf, A. Egner, and S. W. Hell, “4pi-confocal microscopy is coming of age,” Imaging & Microscopy, vol. 4, pp. 24–25, 2004.
  16. L. E. Helseth, “Breaking the diffraction limit in nonlinear materials,” Optics Communications, vol. 256, no. 4–6, pp. 435–438, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. Bokor and N. Davidson, “Tight parabolic dark spot with high numerical aperture focusing with a circular π phase plate,” Optics Communications, vol. 270, no. 2, pp. 145–150, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. H.-R. Noh and W. Jhe, “Atom optics with hollow optical systems,” Physics Report, vol. 372, no. 3, pp. 269–317, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. V. A. Soifer, V. V. Kotlyar, and S. N. Khonina, “Optical microparticle manipulation: advances and new possibilities created by diffractive optics,” Physics of Particles and Nuclei, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 733–766, 2004. View at Scopus
  20. Y. Xue, C. Kuang, S. Li, Z. Gu, and X. Liu, “Sharper fluorescent super-resolution spot generated by azimuthally polarized beam in STED microscopy,” Optics Express, vol. 20, no. 16, pp. 17653–17666, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. S. N. Khonina and I. Golub, “How low can STED go? Comparison of different write-erase beam combinations for stimulated emission depletion microscopy,” The Journal of the Optical Society of America A, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 2242–2246, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. B. Tian and J. Pu, “Tight focusing of a double-ring-shaped, azimuthally polarized beam,” Optics Letters, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 2014–2016, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. Lalithambigai, P. Suresh, V. Ravi et al., “Generation of sub wavelength super-long dark channel using high NA lens axicon,” Optics Letters, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 999–1001, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. Chen and Q. Zhan, “Three-dimensional focus shaping with cylindrical vector beams,” Optics Communications, vol. 265, no. 2, pp. 411–417, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. X. Gao, J. Wang, H. Gu, and W. Xu, “Focusing properties of concentric piecewise cylindrical vector beam,” Optik, vol. 118, no. 6, pp. 257–265, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions, Courier Dover Publications, 1972.
  27. S. N. Khonina, N. L. Kazanskiǐ, A. V. Ustinov, and S. G. Volotovskiǐ, “The lensacon: nonparaxial effects,” Journal of Optical Technology A, vol. 78, no. 11, pp. 724–729, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. N. Khonina, “Specular and vortical Airy beams,” Optics Communications, vol. 284, no. 19, pp. 4263–4271, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus