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ISRN Physical Chemistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 251635, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/251635
Research Article

A Quantum Chemical Study on Structures and Electronic (Hyper)polarizabilities of 2,2′-Biselenophene Rotamers

Department of Chemistry, University of Catania, Viale A. Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy

Received 18 October 2013; Accepted 26 November 2013

Academic Editors: T. Kar, H. Reis, R. Spezia, P. O. Westlund, and X. Wu

Copyright © 2013 Andrea Alparone. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Geometries, IR and Raman spectra, nucleus independent chemical shifts, and static electronic (hyper)polarizabilities of the equilibrium conformations of 2,2′-biselenophene were determined in vacuum using density functional theory (DFT) computations. At the DFT-PBE0/6-31G+pdd′ level the antigauche structure characterized by the dihedral angle of 157° is the global minimum, whereas the syngauche rotamer ( = 40°) lies ca. 0.7 kcal·mol−1 above the antigauche form. The structural and spectroscopic properties as well as the electronic polarizability of the antigauche are similar to those of the syngauche structure. On the other hand, the dipole moments and first-order hyperpolarizabilities are strongly influenced by the conformational characteristics, increasing by ca. a factor of five when passing from the antigauche to the syngauche form.