Table 5: The association between complications and recurrence.

Recurrence risk ILND (63) valueALND (41) value

Overall recurrence 53 (84.1%)0.01626 (63.4%)
Overall complications 25 (39.7%)0.56914 (34.1%)
Complication with recurrence 19 (30.1%)0.15210 (24.3%)0.433
 Lymphedema11 (17.4%)0.5195 (12.2%)0.273
 Wound infection5 (7.9%)0.9954 (9.7%)0.858
 Seroma11 (17.4%)0.9574 (9.7%)0.858
 Haematoma2 (3.2%)0.53219 (2.4%)0.442
 Chronic pain1 (1.6%)0.18000.442