Table 5: Plant functional type (PFT) scheme for representing BVOC emission biological diversity. The 15 CLM4 PFTs are subdivided into BVOC emission types (BVOC-PFT). The measured emission characteristics of the indicated representative species can be used to assign BVOC emission factors.

CLM4 PFT descriptionBVOC-PFTRepresentative species

Needleleaf evergreen temperate treeNETT-IMPicea engelmannii (Engelmann spruce)
Needleleaf evergreen temperate treeNETT-MTAbies grandis (grand fir)
Needleleaf evergreen temperate treeNETT-MBOPinus ponderosa (ponderosa pine)
Needleleaf evergreen temperate treeNETT-LowThuja plicata (western redcedar)
Needleleaf evergreen boreal treeNEBT-MBOPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)
Needleleaf evergreen boreal tree NEBT-IsoPicea mariana (black spruce)
Needleleaf evergreen boreal tree NEBT-MTPinus sylvestris (Scots pine)
Needleleaf deciduous boreal tree NDBT-MTLarix sibirica (Siberian larch)
Broadleaf evergreen temperate treeBETE-IsoQuercus virginiana (southern live oak)
Broadleaf evergreen temperate treeBETE-IMEucalyptus globulus (blue gum)
Broadleaf evergreen temperate treeBETE-MTQuercus ilex (holm oak)
Broadleaf evergreen temperate treeBETE-LowLithocarpus densiflorus (tanoak)
Broadleaf evergreen tropical treeBETR-IsoMangifera indica (mango)
Broadleaf evergreen tropical treeBETR-MTTropical evergreen MT emitters
Broadleaf evergreen tropical treeBETR-LowPanda oleosa
Broadleaf deciduous tropical treeBDTR-IsoHymenaea courbaril (jatobá)
Broadleaf deciduous tropical treeBDTR-MTApeiba tibourbou
Broadleaf deciduous tropical treeBDTR-LowCombretum molle (velvet bushwillow)
Broadleaf deciduous temperate treeBDTE-IsoQuercus rubra (red oak)
Broadleaf deciduous temperate treeBDTE-IMLiquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Broadleaf deciduous temperate treeBDTE-MTAcer saccharum (sugar maple)
Broadleaf deciduous temperate treeBDTE-LowSassafras albidum (sassafras)
Broadleaf deciduous boreal tree BDBT-IsoPopulus tremuloides (aspen)
Broadleaf deciduous boreal tree BDBT- LowBetula pendula (silver birch)
Broadleaf evergreen temperate shrubBETS-MTLarrea tridentata (creosote bush)
Broadleaf evergreen temperate shrubBETS-IsoKarwinskia humboldtiana (coyotillo)
Broadleaf evergreen temperate shrubBETS-LowAtriplex canescens (four-wing saltbush)
Broadleaf deciduous temperate shrubBDTS-MTAmbrosia dumosa (white bursage)
Broadleaf deciduous temperate shrubBDTS-IsoPsorothamnus fremontii (Fremont’s dalea)
Broadleaf deciduous temperate shrubBDTS-LowBaccharis texana (prairie false willow)
Broadleaf deciduous boreal shrubBDBS-IsoSalix arctica (arctic willow)
Broadleaf deciduous boreal shrubBDBS-LowAlnus crispa (mountain alder)
C3 grassC3G-IsoCarex appendiculata (sedge)
C3 grassC3G-LowKoeleria cristata (June Grass)
C4 GrassC4G-lowBouteloua curtipendula (sideoats grama)
Arctic C3 grassAC3G-IsoEriophorum angustifolium (cottongrass)
Arctic C3 grassAC3G-LowFestuca rubra (red fescue)
CropCRP-MTHelianthus annuus (sunflower)
CropCRP-IsoMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)
CropCRP-LowTriticum aestivum (wheat)