About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
ISRN Pediatrics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 861246, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/861246
Research Article

Ethnic Background and Overweight among 5-Year-Old Children: The “Be Active, Eat Right” Study

1Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Dr. Molewaterplein 50, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Received 1 July 2013; Accepted 3 September 2013

Academic Editors: J. Otten, M. Sánchez-Solís, and S. A. Sarker

Copyright © 2013 Lydian Veldhuis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. B. Ebbeling, D. B. Pawlak, and D. S. Ludwig, “Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure,” Lancet, vol. 360, no. 9331, pp. 473–482, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Lobstein, L. Baur, and R. Uauy, “Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 5, supplement 1, pp. 4–104, 2004. View at Scopus
  3. World Health Organization, “Obesity and overweight,” Factsheet 311, World Health Organization, 2011, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/.
  4. W. H. Dietz, “Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease,” Pediatrics, vol. 101, no. 3, pp. 518–525, 1998. View at Scopus
  5. K. L. Rennie, L. Johnson, and S. A. Jebb, “Behavioural determinants of obesity,” Best Practice and Research, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 343–358, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. K. Kumanyika, “Environmental influences on childhood obesity: ethnic and cultural influences in context,” Physiology and Behavior, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 61–70, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. D. Ritchie, G. Welk, D. Styne, D. E. Gerstein, and P. B. Crawford, “Family environment and pediatric overweight: what is a parent to do?” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. S70–S79, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Danielzik, M. Czerwinski-Mast, K. Langnäse, B. Dilba, and M. J. Müller, “Parental overweight, socioeconomic status and high birth weight are the major determinants of overweight and obesity in 5-7 y-old children: baseline data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS),” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 1494–1502, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. H. Brussaard, M. A. van Erp-Baart, H. A. M. Brants, K. F. A. M. Hulshof, and M. R. H. Löwik, “Nutrition and health among migrants in the Netherlands,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 659–664, 2001. View at Scopus
  10. A. M. Fredriks, S. van Buuren, R. A. Hira Sing, J. M. Wit, and S. P. Verloove-Vanhorick, “Alarming prevalences of overweight and obesity for children of Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch origin in the Netherlands according to international standards,” Acta Paediatrica, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 496–498, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Wang and M. A. Beydoun, “The obesity epidemic in the United States—gender, age, socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and geographic characteristics: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis,” Epidemiologic Reviews, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 6–28, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Kuepper-Nybelen, A. Lamerz, N. Bruning, J. Hebebrand, B. Herpertz-Dahlmann, and H. Brenner, “Major differences in prevalence of overweight according to nationality in preschool children living in Germany: determinants and public health implications,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 359–363, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. K. Singh, M. D. Kogan, P. C. van Dyck, and M. Siahpush, “Racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and behavioral determinants of childhood and adolescent obesity in the United States: analyzing independent and joint associations,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 682–695, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Kirchengast and E. Schober, “To be an immigrant: a risk factor for developing overweight and obesity during childhood and adolescence?” Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 695–705, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Bongard, S. F. Pogge, H. Arslaner, S. Rohrmann, and V. Hodapp, “Acculturation and cardiovascular reactivity of second-generation Turkish migrants in Germany,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 795–803, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. T. Kimbro, J. Brooks-Gunn, and S. McLanahan, “Racial and ethnic differentials in overweight and obesity among 3-year-old children,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 298–305, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Caprio, S. R. Daniels, A. Drewnowski et al., “Influence of race, ethnicity, and culture on childhood obesity: implications for prevention and treatment,” Obesity, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2566–2577, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. E. M. Taveras, M. W. Gillman, K. Kleinman, J. W. Rich-Edwards, and S. L. Rifas-Shiman, “Racial/ethnic differences in early-life risk factors for childhood obesity,” Pediatrics, vol. 125, no. 4, pp. 686–695, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. Wang, “Disparities in pediatric obesity in the United States,” Advances in Nutrition, vol. 2, pp. 23–31, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. L. M. Rossen and K. C. Schoendorf, “Measuring health disparities: trends in racial-ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in obesity among 2- to 18-year old youth in the United States, 2001–2010,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 698–704, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. A. M. El-Sayed, P. Scarborough, and S. Galea, “Ethnic inequalities in obesity among children and adults in the UK: a systematic review of the literature,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 12, no. 501, pp. e516–e534, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. A. de Wilde, P. van Dommelen, B. J. C. Middelkoop, and P. H. Verkerk, “Trends in overweight and obesity prevalence in Dutch, Turkish, Moroccan and Surinamese South Asian children in the Netherlands,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 94, no. 10, pp. 795–800, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. L. de Hoog, M. van Eijsden, K. Stronks, R. J. Gemke, and T. G. Vrijkotte, “Overweight at age two years in a multi-ethnic cohort (ABCD study): the role of prenatal factors, birth outcomes and postnatal factors,” BMC Public Health, vol. 11, article 611, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. C. Whitaker, “Obesity prevention in pediatric primary care: four behaviors to target,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 157, no. 8, pp. 725–727, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. M. W. Bulk-Bunschoten, C. M. Renders, F. J. M. van Leerdam, and R. A. HiraSing, Youth Health Care Overweight-Prevention-Protocol, Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2005.
  26. M. M. Davis, B. Gance-Cleveland, S. Hassink, R. Johnson, G. Paradis, and K. Resnicow, “Recommendations for prevention of childhood obesity,” Pediatrics, vol. 120, supplement 4, pp. S229–S253, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. E. Barlow, “Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report,” Pediatrics, vol. 120, supplement 4, pp. S164–S192, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. A. Moreno and G. Rodriguez, “Dietary risk factors for development of childhood obesity,” Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 336–341, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. S. Harding, A. Teyhan, M. J. Maynard, and J. K. Cruickshank, “Ethnic differences in overweight and obesity in early adolescence in the MRC DASH study: the role of adolescent and parental lifestyle,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 162–172, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. E. Waters, R. Ashbolt, L. Gibbs et al., “Double disadvantage: the influence of ethnicity over socioeconomic position on childhood overweight and obesity: findings from an inner urban population of primary school children,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 196–204, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. L. Veldhuis, M. K. Struijk, W. Kroeze et al., ““Be active, eat right”, evaluation of an overweight prevention protocol among 5-year-old children: design of a cluster randomised controlled trial,” BMC Public Health, vol. 9, article 177, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. M. Renders, J. Halberstadt, C. S. Frenkel, P. Rosenmöller, J. C. Seidell, and R. A. Hirasing, “Tackling the problem of overweight and obesity: the Dutch approach,” Obesity Facts, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 267–272, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Statistics Netherlands), Migrants in the Netherlands 2004, Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, Heerlen, The Netherlands, 2004.
  34. A. M. W. Bulk-Bunschoten, C. M. Renders, F. J. M. van Leerdam, and R. A. HiraSing, Youth Health Care Overweight-Detection-Protocol, Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2004.
  35. T. J. Cole, M. C. Bellizzi, K. M. Flegal, and W. H. Dietz, “Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey,” British Medical Journal, vol. 320, no. 7244, pp. 1240–1243, 2000. View at Scopus
  36. V. S. Malik, M. B. Schulze, and F. B. Hu, “Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 274–288, 2006. View at Scopus
  37. S. E. Anderson, C. D. Economos, and A. Must, “Active play and screen time in US children aged 4 to 11 years in relation to sociodemographic and weight status characteristics: a nationally representative cross-sectional analysis,” BMC Public Health, vol. 8, article 366, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. K. R. Laurson, J. C. Eisenmann, G. J. Welk, E. E. Wickel, D. A. Gentile, and D. A. Walsh, “Combined influence of physical activity and screen time recommendations on childhood overweight,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 153, no. 2, pp. 209–214, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. G. C. Rampersaud, M. A. Pereira, B. L. Girard, J. Adams, and J. D. Metzl, “Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 743–760, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Statistics Netherlands), The Dutch Standard Classification of Education, Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, Heerlen, The Netherlands, 2004.
  41. American Academy of Pediatrics, “Committee on public education: children, adolescents, and television,” Pediatrics, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 423–426, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. American Academy of Pediatrics, “Committee on nutrition: the use and misuse of fruit juice in pediatrics,” Pediatrics, vol. 107, no. 5, pp. 1210–1213, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. F. E. Harrell, Regression Modeling Strategies: With Applications to Linear Models, Logistic Regression, and Survival Analysis, Springer, 2001.
  44. H. van de Mheen, K. Stronks, J. van den Bos, and J. P. Mackenbach, “The contribution of childhood environment to the explanation of socio-economic inequalities in health in adult life: a retrospective study,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 13–24, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. L. M. Silva, M. Coolman, E. A. P. Steegers et al., “Low socioeconomic status is a risk factor for preeclampsia: the generation R study,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 1200–1208, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. K. Stronks, I. Kulu-Glasgow, and C. Agyemang, “The utility of “country of birth” for the classification of ethnic groups in health research: the Dutch experience,” Ethnicity & Health, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 1–14, 2009. View at Scopus
  47. K. M. Sussner, A. C. Lindsay, and K. E. Peterson, “The influence of maternal acculturation on child body mass index at age 24 months,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 109, no. 2, pp. 218–225, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. P. A. Braveman, C. Cubbin, S. Egerter et al., “Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit all,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 294, no. 22, pp. 2879–2888, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. S. Sue and M. K. Dhindsa, “Ethnic and racial health disparities research: issues and problems,” Health Education and Behavior, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 459–469, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. E. Simsek, S. Akpinar, T. Bahcebasi, D. A. Senses, and K. Kocabay, “The prevalence of overweight and obese children aged 6–17 years in the West Black Sea region of Turkey,” International Journal of Clinical Practice, vol. 62, no. 7, pp. 1033–1038, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus