Table 3: Logistic regression analyses for association between ethnic background and overweight (obesity included) among 5 year olds, after adjustment for confounders and mediators ( ).

Ethnic background childModel 2
OR (95% CI)
Model 3
OR (95% CI)
Change (%)

Dutch1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)
Moroccan 2.14 (1.39–3.28)2.05 (1.33–3.15)−7.9%
Turkish3.30 (2.23–4.87)3.02 (2.02–4.50)−12.2%
Surinamese0.43 (0.19–0.98)0.41 (0.18–0.95)+3.5%
Dutch Antillean 1.70 (0.863.35)1.64 (0.833.25) −8.6%

OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval.
Model 2: ethnic background of the child + gender of the parent, educational level of the parent, and family situation + parental overweight (overweight (obesity included) = BMI ≥ 25 (kg/m2)) [3].
Model 3: model 2 + relevant lifestyle-related behaviors of the child (watching TV, having breakfast) (see Table 2).
aChange represents the respective change in OR for children with a Moroccan, Turkish, Surinamese, and Dutch Antillean ethnic background relative to model 2, after adjustment for mediators, the lifestyle-related behaviors of the child (model 3) ([ ]/[ ] × 100).