Table 1: Ectopic expression of CIPK/CBL members; the effect on abiotic stress.

GeneSource of geneTarget organismImpactReference

AtCBL1 ArabidopsisArabidopsisReduces transpiration, increases abiotic stress tolerance[38]
AtCBL1 ArabidopsisArabidopsisIncreased salt and drought tolerance, reduced freezing tolerance[39]
AtCBL2 ArabidopsisArabidopsisEnhanced susceptibility to low K+[40]
AtCBL3 ArabidopsisArabidopsisEnhanced susceptibility to low K+[40]
ZmCBL4 Zea mays ArabidopsisIncreased salt tolerance[41]
AtCBL5 ArabidopsisArabidopsisIncreased drought tolerance[42]
OsCBL8 RiceRiceIncreased salt tolerance[43]
CaCIPK6 ChickpeaTobaccoIncreased salt tolerance, enhanced root development[44]
MdCIPK6L AppleApple, Arabidopsis, tomatoEnhanced tolerance to salt, osmotic, drought and chilling stress; no effect on root growth[45]
OsCIPK03 RiceRiceEnhanced tolerance to cold by increased proline and soluble sugars[46]
AtCIPK9 ArabidopsisArabidopsisEnhanced susceptibility to low K+[40]
OsCIPK12 RiceRiceEnhanced tolerance to drought by increased proline and soluble sugars[46]
OsCIPK15 RiceRiceEnhanced tolerance to salt[46]
OsCIPK23 RiceRiceIncreased drought tolerance[47]