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ISRN Dermatology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 186197, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/186197
Research Article

Gender Differences in Clinicoepidemiological Features of Vitiligo: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

1Department of Dermatology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, India
2Consultant Dermatologist and Epidemiologist, Mumbai, India

Received 19 August 2013; Accepted 3 October 2013; Published 13 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. Dhar, C. Feliciani, and Y. M. Olumide

Copyright © 2014 Sharmila Patil et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Vitiligo has important clinical and social consequences particularly in the pigmented skin. The present study was conducted to assess the differences in clinicoepidemiological presentation of vitiligo in males and females and to understand the factors associated with spread of vitiligo in them. Methods. This is a cross-sectional analysis of secondary clinical data of 168 vitiligo patients at a tertiary medical centre at Navi Mumbai. We used logistic regression models to estimate the association between gender and clinical characteristics of vitiligo and to evaluate the factors associated with spread of vitiligo. Results. There were no significant differences between the mean ages of males and females; however, males reported a longer duration of disease (6.9 (10.4) years) compared with females (4.9 (7.4) years). Males were significantly more likely to report a family history of vitiligo compared with females (adjusted OR (aOR): 16.87, 95% CI: 2.16 to 131.69). Even though females were more likely to report spread of lesions, the association was not statistically significant (OR: 1.21, 95% CI: 0.62 to 2.36). Discussion. The differences in the clinical presentations between genders highlight the need to understand the different factors (possibly genetic) that may play a part in the pathogenesis of this multifactorial disease in males and females.