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ISRN Dermatology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 304370, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/304370
Research Article

Prevalence of Psychological Disorders in Patients with Alopecia Areata in Comparison with Normal Subjects

1Dermatology Department, Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 7134844119, Iran
2Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 7134844119, Iran

Received 6 February 2014; Accepted 25 February 2014; Published 9 March 2014

Academic Editors: S. Inui and P. D. Shenefelt

Copyright © 2014 Shahin Aghaei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Alopecia areata is a chronic disease with a great impact on the patient’s quality of life. In this study we reviewed the frequency of psychological disorders in patients with alopecia areata in comparison to a control group. We enrolled 40 patients with alopecia areata and a 40-volunteer random age-sex matched control group. The study is based on anxiety and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Analytical evaluation was done by Mann-Whitney, Kruskal Wallis, and -tests. There was a significant difference between the case and control group regarding the prevalence of depression ( value = 0.008), anxiety ( value = 0.003), and neuroticism ( value = 0.05). There was no significant differences regarding extraversion ( value = 0.249), psychosis ( value = 0.147), and lying ( value = 0.899) between the two groups. In alopecia areata involving the head, there was a significant relation only between neuroticism ( value = 0.045) and lying ( value = 0.005). The facial involvement had a significant relation with depression ( value = 0.020), anxiety ( value = 0.019), and neuroticism ( value = 0.029). The frequency of psychological disorders in the case group is significantly greater than the control group.