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ISRN Nursing
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 371296, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/371296
Research Article

The Efficacy of Optimism: Benefit Finding in the Treatment of Diabetes in Iranian Patients

1Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9137913199, Iran
2Department of Postgraduate, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9137913199, Iran
3Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan 49155568, Iran

Received 18 January 2014; Accepted 2 March 2014; Published 18 March 2014

Academic Editors: S. Chan and M. Funnell

Copyright © 2014 Hossein Karimi Moonaghi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The incidence of diabetes mellitus is on the rise around the world. Middle Eastern countries will be facing a vast increase in the number of diabetes mellitus cases by 2030. Diagnosis of a chronic disease such as diabetes mellitus can be a shocking and life-altering event. Conversely, a diagnosis of a chronic illness can also offer the patient opportunities to change unhealthy behaviors such as poor diet, smoking, and lack of exercise, making them healthier than before their diagnosis. This is referred to as “benefit finding”. This study reveals the many benefit findings of Iranian patients who have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus and illustrates how benefit finding can be an integral part of long-term patient care.