926157.fig.0015
Figure 15: Observed permeate efficiency of bovine serum albumin-loaded TMC nanoparticles, ALG-modified TMC nanoparticles at low (5 mg/mL) and high concentration (20 mg/mL), and control (bovine serum albumin solution) using Caco-2 cell monolayer. Circles indicated permeate efficiency that was significantly higher ( ) than that of the control. Asterisks indicated permeate efficiency that was significantly higher ( ) than that of nonmodified TMC nanoparticles. No significant difference was observed between nonmodified and ALG-modified TMC nanoparticles at 5 mg/mL. All data are . ( ). Reproduced from [168] with permission of Elsevier.