Table 1: Risks for impaired growth in children with food allergy.

(i) Delayed diagnosis
(ii) Onset of disease at an early age
(iii) Multiple food allergies
(iv) Active disease
(v) Persistent (subclinical) inflammation of the gut resulting in increased requirements and/or losses and poor utilization of nutrients
(vi) Inadequate food intake due to poor appetite, regulation of gastrointestinal symptoms by modifying diet
(vii) Elimination of multiple foods from diet
(viii) Elimination of staple, nutritionally central foods from diet (milk, cereals)
(ix) Poor compliance in dietary management (unwillingness to broaden diet variety)
(x) Extreme self-restriction of foods