Table 1: Lectins from marine organisms.

OrganismLectinsBinding specificityLectin familyReferences

[Protozoan]
Sponge
 (Aphrocallistes vastus)LECCID-GalactoseC-type[93]
  (Axinella polypoides)AP-I/II/III/VD-GalactoseRicin type[94]
AP-IVhexuronic acid
  (Geodia cydonium)GCLT1LacNAcGalectin[95]
  (Ptilota filicina)PFLD-Galactose[96]

[Mollusk]
Tridacna
  (Tridacna maxima)tridacinN-acetyl galactosamineC-type[37]
Abalone
  (Haliotis laevigata)PLCD-Galactose/D-MannoseC-type[38]
Penguin wing oyster
  (Pteria penguin)PPLD-GalactoseRBL[39]

[Arthropod]
Barnacle
  (Megabalanus rosa)BRA-1~ 3D-GalactoseC-type[8, 9]
  (Balanus rostratus)BRLD-GalactoseC-type[10]
Horseshoe crab
 (Tachypleus tridentatus)TL-1LPS (KDO), LTA6x β-propeller/Tectonin[19]
TL-2GlcNAc/GalNAc, LTA5x  β propeller [2022]
TL-3LPS (O-antigen)F-type [23]
TL-4LPS(O-antigen), LTA, [24]
TLs-5Fucose Ficolin [25, 26]
TL-PN-acetyl group6x β-propeller/Tectonin[27]
GBP/PAP/LBPGlcNAc[28]

[Echinoderm]
Sea cucumber
  (Cucumaria echinata)CEL-I/CEL-IIGlcNAcC-type[13, 14]
CEL-IVGlcNAc-GalactoseC-type[13, 15]
CEL-IIID-Galactose and so forthRicin type[13, 16]
  (Stichopus japonicus)SPL-1uronic acidC-type[17]
SPL-2LacNAc and so forthC-type[17]
SJL-1D-GalactoseC-type[18]
Urchin
 (Anthocidaris crassispina)SUELD-GalactoseRBL[11]
Echinoidin (ECH)D-GalactoseC-type [12]
Starfish
  (Asterina pectinifera)LacNAcC-type[97]

[Protochordate]
Ascidian
  (Polyandrocarpa misakiensis)TC14D-GalactoseC-type[31]
  (Botryllus schlosseri)Bs RBL-1~5L-RhamnoseRBL[32, 33]
  (Halocynthia roretzi)P36D-GalucoseC-type[34]
P40-P50ficolin[35]
41KDD-GlactoseC-type (ficolin)[36]

[Fishes]
Japanese eel
  (Anguilla japonica)AJL-1β-GalactosideGalectin[40]
AJL-2LactoseC-type[41]
eCL-1/eCL-2LactoseC-type[42]
European eel
  (Anguilla anguilla)AAAFucoseF-type[43]
Electric eel
  (Electrophorus electricus)ElectrolectinLactose and so forthGalectin[44]
Conger eel
  (Conger myriaster)Congerin ILactose and so forthGalectin[45, 46]
Congerin II Lactose and so forthGalectin[45, 47]
Congerin PLactose/mannoseGalectinunpublished
conCL-smannoseC-type[48]
Windowpane flounder
  (Lophopsetta maculate)D-GalactoseGalectin[49]
Zebrafish
  (Danio rerio)Drgal1-L1–L3LacNAcGalectin[50]
Shishamo smelt
  (Osmerus lanceolatus)OLABLD-GalactoseC-type[51]
OLLL-RhamnoseRBL[52]
Catfish
 (Arius thalassinus)D-GalactoseGalectin[53]
 (Silurus asotus)SALL-RhamnoseRBL [54]
saIntLD-Mannoseintelectin[55]
Steelhead trout
  (Oncorhynchus mykiss)STL-1–3L-RhamnoseRBL[56, 57]
Chum salmon
  (Oncorhynchus keta)CSL-1–3L-RhamnoseRBL[58]
White-spotted charr
  (Salvelinus leucomaenis)WCL-1, 3L-RhamnoseRBL[59]
Spanish mackerel
  (Scomberomorus niphonius)SMLL-RhamnoseRBL[60]
Sweet fish (ayu)
  (Plecoglossus altivelis)SFLL-RhamnoseRBL[61]
Ponyfish
  (Leiognathus nuchalis)PFL-1,2L-RhamnoseRBL[62]
Far-East dace
  (Tribolodon brandti)TBL-1–3L-RhamnoseRBL[63]
Striped bass
  (Morone saxatilis)FucoseF-type[64]
Sea bass
  (Dicentrarchus labrax)DlFBLFucoseF-type[65]
Japanese sea perch
  (Lateolabrax japonicus)JspFLFucoseF-type[66]
Pufferfish
  (Fugu rubripes)PufflectinD-MannoseLily-type[67]
Scorpionfish
  (Scorpaena plumieri)plumieribetinD-Mannose and so forthLily-type[68]
Carp
  (Cyprinus carpio)carpFELGlcNAc6x β-propeller/Tectonin[69]

AAA: Anguilla anguilla agglutinin; AJL: Anguilla japonica lectin; BRA: Megabalanus rosa lectin; BRL: Balanus rostratus lectin; CEL: Cucumaria echinata lectin; CSL: chum salmon lectin; GCLT1: Geodia cydonium lectin; OLABL: Osmerus lanceolatus asialofetuin-binding lectin; OLL: Osmerus lanceolatus lectin; PFL: ponyfish lectin; PLC: perlucin; PPL: Pteria penguin lectin; SAL: Silurus asotus lectin; SFL: sweet fish (ayu) lectin; SJL: Stichopus japonicus lectin; SML: Spanish mackerel lectin; SPL: sea cucumber plasma lectin; STL: Steelhead trout lectin; SUEL: sea urchin egg lectin; TBL: Tribolodon brandti lectin; WCL: white spotted charr lectin; KDO: 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate; LPS: lipopolysaccharide; LTA: lipoteichoic acid; GalNAc: N-acetyl galactosamine; GlcNAc: N-acetyl glucosamine; LacNAc: N-acetyl lactosamine.