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Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 387191, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/387191
Research Article

Synthesis, Antimicrobial, and Anti-HIV1 Activity of Quinazoline-4(3H)-one Derivatives

1Department of Chemistry, Sri Angalamman College of Engneering & Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu 620 020, India
2PG & Research Department of Chemistry, Jamal Mohamed College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu 620 020, India
3Department of Microbiology, Srimad Andavan Arts and Science College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu 620 005, India

Received 8 April 2013; Revised 12 July 2013; Accepted 18 July 2013

Academic Editor: Rassoul Dinarvand

Copyright © 2013 K. Vijayakumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present investigation aims to synthesize 11 compounds of quinazoline-1 derivatives and to test their antimicrobial and anti-HIV1 activities. A quick-witted method was developed for the synthesis of novel substituted quinazolinone derivatives by summarizing diverse diamines with benzoxazine reactions, and it demonstrated the benefits of typical reactions, handy operation, and outstanding product yields. These compounds were confirmed by elemental analysis, I R, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and mass spectra. Then antimicrobial and anti-HIV1 activities of the compounds were tested in-vitro. It was found that compounds 7–11 possessed a wide range of anti microbial and anti-HIV1 activity.

1. Introduction

In spite of the fact that the chemistry quinazolinones have mesmerized the attention of researchers for a long time [13], the number of competent approaches to the synthesis of their derivatives containing functional groups is inadequate [4, 5]. The quinazolinone skeleton appears in many alkaloids, most commonly in the form of 4-(3H)-quinazolinone [6]. The quinazolinone moiety is an important pharmacophore showing many types of pharmacological activities. The quinazolinones are considered to be a potent structure for drug developments [79]. This has recently inspired the development of a new ring synthesis method. Several successful attempts have been made and recorded in the literature demonstrating promising outcomes [1012]. The present investigation is a continuation of our earlier [13] study on quinazolinone derivatives.

2. Result and Discussion

2.1. Chemistry

In the present investigation, an attempt was made to synthesize quinazolinone derivatives through a multistep process. For this purpose, the required 3(2-aminophenyl)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one (1) was prepared according to the literature procedure [14, 15], the condensation reaction between benzoxazine and o-phenylene diamine using acetic acid. Formation of the product was confirmed by the formation of intellectual band at 1607 cm−1 (C=N stretching) along with a peak reading at 1699 cm−1 (C=O) in IR spectra. Benzoxazine [16] was converted to 3(2-aminophenyl)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one (1) by nucleophilic substitution reaction with o-phenylenediamine along with appearance of new peak near 3398.5 cm−1 (NH2 stretching) and 3317.09 cm−1 (N–H stretching) which also helped in assigning structure of (1). When (1) was treated with benzoyl chloride [17, 18] in presence of pyridine as a base, nucleophilic reaction took place at the o-phenylenediamine site of molecule, and, as a result, quinazolinone ring was formed, to yield a new heterocyclic compound (2). New band was observed in the IR spectra at 3087.40 cm−1 and a singlet in 1H NMR at δ 2.1 (CH3) for methylene protons and a singlet at 8.1–8.19 (1H, s, CO–NH C–H) for NH proton in accordance with the structure of quinazolinone ring. 3–6 compounds were condensed with different aromatic acid chloride derivatives. When compound (2) was treated with phosphorus pentachloride, an intermediate compound was obtained and then further treated with sodium azide which yielded a compound tetrazole moiety (7–11). The bands were observed in IR protons, 7.82 (17H, Ar–H, and N=C=0) and 8.57 (CH, Ar–H), respectively, and confirmed the synthesis of final compounds (7–11). The peak values of 1600 cm−1 (C=N of tetrazole), 1240 cm−1 (tetrazole moiety) compounds at δ 2.4 (CH3) for methylene protons were discovered in 1H NMR analysis.

2.2. Biological Evaluation
2.2.1. Report on Antimicrobial Activity of the Given Compounds

The antimicrobial activity for the given compounds was carried out by Disc Diffusion Technique (Indian Pharmacopoeia 1996, Volume II A-105). The test microorganisms of Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aereus, and Bacillus subtilis were obtained from National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune, and maintained by periodical subculturing on nutrient agar medium. The effect produced by the sample was compared with that produced by the positive control (reference standard ciprofloxacin 5 µg/disc for bacteria).

2.2.2. Anti-HIV1 Screening

(1) Cell Culture. The MT-4 cells were grown in RPMI 1640 Dutch Modification (DM) medium, supplemented with 10% (v/v) heat-inactivated fetal calf serum (FCS), 2 Mm L-glutamine, 0.1% sodium bicarbonate, and 20 µg/mL gentamycin (equal compete medium). The cells were maintained at 37°C in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air. Every 3-4 days and always 2 days before starting the experiment, cells were seeded at 3 × 105 cells/mL. At regular time intervals, the MT-4 cells were analyzed for the presence of mycoplasma and consistently found to be mycoplasma free.

(2) Virus. HIV1 (strain HTLV-IIIB/LAI) was obtained from the culture supernatant of HIV1 infected MT-4 cells lines. The virus titer of the supernatant was determined in MT-4 cells. The virus stocks were stored at 37°C until used.

The present protection achieved by the compound in HIV-infected cells was calculated by the following formula: where is the optical density measured with a given concentration of the test compound in HIV-infected cells; is the optical density measured for the control untreated HIV-infected cells; is the optical density measured for the control untreated HIV-infected cells. The dose achieving 50% protection according to the above formula was defined as the 50% effective concentration (EC50).

3. Conclusion

The present research work demonstrated a genuine and convenient method for synthesizing 3-(2-aminophenyl)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H) one, N-[(2-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-l) phenyl)] benzamide, and 2-methyl-3-[(2-(5-phenyl-1H-tetrazol-1-yl) phenyl)]-quinazolin-4(3H)-one. The solvent using method for the condensation step was proved to be more proficient and ecofriendly than the traditional procedures. The condensation reaction took place at relatively high temperatures. This method also simplified the handling of the reactions and yielded quinazolin-4(3H)-one derivative. This procedure was simple and low cost. The reactions scheme exhibited moderate activity and valuable contribution to the existing methodologies. The compounds exhibited considerable antibacterial and anti-HIV activities (Tables 1 and 2).

tab1
Table 1: Antibacterial activity of the quinazolinone compounds at different concentrations.
tab2
Table 2: Anti-HIV1 Activity of compounds.

4. Experimental

4.1. General Methods

Melting points were uncorrected and recorded on an REMI Series, Lab India Instrument. TLC analysis was done using precoated silica gel plates, and visualization was done using iodine. IR spectra were recorded in KBr on Shimadzu FT-IR spectrometer. 1H and 13C-NMR spectra were recorded on a Bruker (AC 400 MHz) using TMS as an internal standard. Elemental analysis was carried out on a Perkin-Elmer series-II CHNS/O Analyzer 2400. All the chemicals were obtained from Aldrich, and all the solvents used were of commercial grade only.

4.2. Synthesis of 3-(2-Aminophenyl)-2-methyl Quinazolin-4(3H) One (1) [12]

An equimolar (0.01 mole) mixture of 2-methyl-3, 1-benzoxazin-4-one and o-phenylenediamine (0.1 mole) was refluxed for 13 h in the presence of glacial acetic acid (10 mL). The residue was recrystallized from ethanol and purified by column chromatography to give 1.

Compound (1): Yield: (74%); m.p. 218°C; Anal. Calcd for C15H13N3O: C, 71.70; H, 5.21; N, 16.72; O, 6.37; Found: C, 71.74; H, 5.17; N, 16.75; O, 6.32; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3390.5 (s, NH2), 3310 (s, N–H), 3095 (s, C–H), 1671.3 (C=O), 1600.48 (s, C=N); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 8.2 (1H, s, CO–NH C–H), 7.33–7.04 (m, Ar–H), 6.26 (C–H), 2.14 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161 (C1-amide), 155.5 (C-2), 148.2 (N=C), 145.3 (C-8a), 134.5 (C-4′′), 127.3 (C-8), 117.2 (C-1′′), 24.3 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 251.0294 (0.10) 237.2923, 235.

4.3. Synthesis of [N-(2-(2-Methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) Phenyl)] Benzamide (2) [12]

The title compound 2 was prepared by using 3-(2-aminophenyl)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H) one (1; 0.01 mole) of an equivalent amount of benzoyl chloride (0.1 mole) which was refluxed with pyridine (40 mL) for 11 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, treated with cold ice, and neutralized with conc. HCl. The separated solid was filtered and washed with ice cold water. The residue was recrystallized from ethanol and purified by column chromatography.

Compound (2): Yield: (67%); m.p. 171°C; Anal. Calcd for C22H17N3O2: C, 74.35; H, 4.82; N, 11.82; O, 9.00; Found: C, 74.30; H, 4.81; N, 11.80; O, 9.02; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3471.83 (s, N–H 1° amine), 3303 (s, N–H), 3080.40 (s, C–H), 1680.78 (s, C=O), 1609 (s, C=N), 1530 (C=C aromatic amine), 1270.21 (C–N str 1° aromatic amine), 1170 (s, C–N); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 10.11 (N–H 2° amide), 8.5–8.3 (Ar–CH), 7.84–7.70 (13H, m, Ar–H), 2.13 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161.5 (C1-amide), 165.5 (C-2), 155.5 (C-4), 150 (C-8a), 135.5 (C-1),130 (C-5), 128.6 (C-6), 127.8 (C-8), 122.6 (C-4a), 24.1 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 355.3978 (0.13), 341.4112, 329.0529.

4.4. Synthesis of 4-Fluoro-[N-(2-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) Phenyl)] Benzamide (3) [12]

The title compound 3 was prepared by using 3-(2-aminophenyl)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H) one (1; 0.01 mole) of an equivalent amount of 4-fluorobenzoyl chloride (0.1 mole) by the general procedure. The separated solid was filtered and washed with ice cold water. The residue was recrystallized from ethanol and purified by column chromatography.

Compound (3): Yield: (63%); m.p. 162°C; Anal. Calcd for C22H16FN3O2: C, 70.77; H, 4.32; N, 11.25; O, 8.57; F, 5.09 Found: C, 70.76; H, 4.36; N, 11.22; O, 8.51; F, 5.07; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3474.97 (s, N–H 1° amine), 3264.19 (s, N–H), 3070 (s, Ar–C–H), 1680.71 (s, C=O), 1609.24 (s, C=N), 1530.08 (C=C aromatic amine), 1309.26 (s, C–N 1° aromatic amine), 1167.16 (s, C–N), 1102 (C–F); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 10.29 (N–H 2° amide), 8.98 (1H, s, H–C=N–N), 8.18 (CH, F, (C=O)N), 7.87–7.98 (13H, m, Ar–H,), 7.46 (F subt.), 7.24 (CH, NC=O), 2.15 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161.5 (C1-amide), 165.6 (H–C=N), 167.4 (=C(F), C-4′′), 155.2 (C-2), 147.8 (C-8a), 134.3 (C-7), 131.4 (C-1′′), 129.8 (C-2′), 128.4 (C-6), 127.6 (C-8), 122.6 (C-4a), 118.5 (C-3′′), 24.1 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 375.2454 (0.13), 355.1354, 299.1021.

4.5. Synthesis of 4-Cyano-[N-(2-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) Phenyl)] Benzamide (4) [13]

The title compound 4 was prepared by using 3-(2-aminophenyl)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H) one (1; 0.01 mole) of an equivalent amount of 4-cyanobenzoyl chloride (0.1 mole) by the general procedure. The separated solid was filtered and washed with ice cold water. The residue was recrystallized from ethanol and purified by column chromatography.

Compound (4): Yield: (66%); m.p. 165°C; Anal. Calcd for C23H16N4O2: C, 72.62; H, 4.24; N, 14.73; O, 8.41; Found: C, 72.60; H, 4.26; N, 14.77; O, 8.40; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3505 (s, N–H 1° amine), 3310.17 (s, N–H), 3068.80 (s, Ar–C–H), 2278 (C≡N), 1679.16 (s, C=O), 1600.27 (s, C=N), 1540.46 (C=C aromatic amine), 1298.15 (s, C–N), 1177 (s, C–N); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 10.29 (N–H 2° amide), 8.99 (1H, s, H–C=N–N), 8.13–8.45 (CH, CN, (C=O)N), 7.80–7.99 (13H, m, Ar–H,), 7.27 (CH, NC=O), 2.15 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161.5 (C1-amide), 165.6 (H–C=N), 155.2 (C-2), 139.8 (C-8a), 132.9 (C-4), 130.9 (C-1′′), 129.9 (C-2′), 128.8 ((C=O)–N, CN), 127.2 (C-8), 121.6 (C-4a), 118.5 (nitrile), 24.1 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 381.2336 (0.18), 367.1277, 355.1343, 305.1722 (0.06).

4.6. Synthesis of 4-Chloro-[N-(2-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) Phenyl)] Benzamide (5) [13]

The title compound 5 was prepared by using 3-(2-aminophenyl)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H) one (1; 0.01 mole) of an equivalent amount of 4-chlorobenzoyl chloride (0.1 mole) by the general procedure. The separated solid was filtered and washed with ice cold water. The residue was recrystallized from ethanol and purified by column chromatography.

Compound (5): Yield: (61%); m.p. 174°C; Anal. Calcd for C22H16ClN3O2: C, 67.78; H, 4.14; N, 10.78; O, 8.21; Cl, 9.09; Found: C, 67.74; H, 4.18; N, 10.73; O, 8.20; Cl, 9.05; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3471.92 ( s, N–H 1° amine), 3296.43 (s, N–H), 3068.98 (s, Ar–C–H), 1677.70 (s, C=O), 1596.39 (s, C=N), 1535.61 (C=C aromatic amine), 1330.05 (C–N str 1° aromatic amine), 1170 (s, C–N), 752.46 (C–Cl); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 10.29 (N–H 2° amide), 8.27–8.1 (Ar–CH), 7.84–7.99 (13H, m, Ar–H, Cl), 7.78 (Cl subt.), 7.40 (CH, NC=O), 2.14 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161.4 (C1-amide), 165.9 (H–C=N), 155 (C-2), 147.6 (C-8a), 140, 138.9, 134.8 (C-7), 132, 130.6 (C-2′′, Cl), 129.7 (C-3′), 127.9 (C-6), 126.8 (C-8), 120.9 (C-4a), 24.1 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 391.4036 (0.10), 377.0915, 355.2139, 329.1816.

4.7. Synthesis of [N-(2-(2-Methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) Phenyl)]-4-nitrobenzamide (6) [13]

The title compound 6 was prepared by using 3-(2-aminophenyl)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H) one (1; 0.01 mole) of an equivalent amount of 4-nitrobenzoyl chloride (0.1 mole) by the general procedure. The separated solid was filtered and washed with ice cold water. The residue was recrystallized from ethanol and purified by column chromatography.

Compound (6): Yield: (74%); m.p. 245°C; Anal. Calcd for C22H16N4O4: C, 66.00; H, 4.03; N, 13.99; O, 15.98; Found: C, 66.09; H, 4.01; N, 13.95; O, 15.94; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3501 (s, N–H 1° amine), 3319.26 (s, N–H), 3088.86 (s, Ar–C–H), 1690 (s, C=O), 1600.14 (s, C=N), 1499 (C=C aromatic amine), 1300.33 (C–N str 1° aromatic amine), 1345 (Ar–NO2), 1180 (s, C–N); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 10.28 (N–H 2° amide), 8.20–8.80 (s, H–C=N) (CH, (N=O)=O, (C=O)–N), 7.99 (H-8, m, Ar–H, Cl), 7.65 (H-4′/H-4′′), 7.30 (CH, NC=O, H-7), 2.12 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161.5 (C1-amide), 167.5 (C-2), 157, 151.5 ((N=O)=O, (C=O)–N), 135 (=C–(NO3), C-3′′), 134 (C-1′′),131.2 (C-7), 129.9 (C-2′), 128.5 (C-6), 127.5 (C-8), 122.6 (C-4a), 116 (C-3′′), 24.2 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 401.2235 (0.15), 399, 387.3.

4.8. Synthesis of 2-Methyl-3-(2-(5-phenyl-1H-tetrazol-1-yl) Phenyl) Quinazolin-4(3H)-one (7) [13]

The title compound 7 was prepared by using [N-(2-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) phenyl)] benzamide (2; 0.01 mole) which was taken in a beaker, added to a known amount of PCl5 (0.01 mole), and heated at 100°C until the evaluation of HCl fumes ceased. The reaction mixtures contained some unreacted POCl3 which was removed by distillation under reduced pressure. The resulting mixture was treated with ice cold solution of known weight of NaN3 (0.02 moles); a known volume (40 mL) of acetone and known volume of sodium acetate were added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 h. The acetone was removed by distillation under reduced pressure. The resulting mixture was extracted with CHCl3; then the organic layer was separated and evaporated; we got product. The product filtered and washed with ice cold water. The residue was recrystallized from benzene-pet-ether mixture and purified by column chromatography to give 7.

Compound (7): Yield: (50%); m.p. 254°C; Anal. Calcd for C22H16N6O: C, 69.46; H, 4.24; N, 22.09; O, 4.21; Found: C, 69.41; H, 4.29; N, 22.07; O, 4.20; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3300 (s, N–H), 3060 (s, Ar–C–H), 1658 (s, C=N), 1600 (C=N, tetrazole), 1240 (tetrazole, N–N=N); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 8.57, 8.6, 8.9, 9.5 (CH, Ar–H), 7.82 (17H, Ar–H, N=C=0), 7.70 (13H, Ar–H, (C=O)N), 2.4 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161 (1-NH). 155.8 (C-2), 140-147.3 (C-8a), 135 (C-4′), 133, 131 (C-3′), 129 (C-6), 127.8 (C-2′), 125.6 (C-8), 123 (C-1′′), 121.7 (C-4a), 24.9 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 381.2453 (0.31), 367.0372, 353.01347, 305.1032.

4.9. Synthesis of 3-(2-(5-(4-Fluorophenyl)-1H-tetrazol-1-yl) Phenyl)-2-methyl Quinazolin-4(3H)-one (8) [13]

The title compound 8 was prepared by using 4-fluoro-[N-(2-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) phenyl)] benzamide (2; 0.01 mole) by the general procedure; the residue was recrystallized from benzene-pet-ether mixture and purified by column chromatography.

Compound (8): Yield: (51%); m.p. 262°C; Anal. Calcd for C22H15FN6O: C, 66.33; H, 3.80; N, 21.09; O, 4.02; F, 4.77; Found: C, 66.36; H, 3.83; N, 21.04; O, 4.01; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3315.66 (N–H stretching), 3070.79 (aromatic C–H stretching), 1660.62 (C=N stretching), 1605 (C=N, tetrazole), 1107 (C–F), 1259 (tetrazole, N–N=N); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 8.9 (H-5), 7.88 (F, C–Ar), 7.82 (17H, Ar–H, N=C=0), 7.70 (13H, Ar–H, (C=O)N), 7.37 (F, C–Ar), 2.3 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 164.4 (1-F, 1-Ar), 155.7 (C-2), 146.3 (C-8a), 135.9 (C1, C–Ar), 130.6 (C-6), 129.2 (C1, C–Ar), 128 (C-2′), 126.8, 125, 124.7 (F, 1-Ar), 121.6 (C-4a), 117.2 (CH1–F), 25 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 399.3438 (0.24), 385.010, 381.1219, 371.1526, 323.0922.

4.10. Synthesis of 4-(1-(2-(2-Methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) Phenyl)-1H-tetrazol-5-yl) Benzonitrile (9) [13]

The title compound 9 was prepared by using 4-cyano-[N-(2-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) phenyl)] benzamide (2; 0.01 mole) by the general procedure; the residue was recrystallized from benzene-pet-ether mixture and purified by column chromatography.

Compound (9): Yield: (53%); m.p. 267°C; Anal. Calcd for C23H15N7O: C, 68.14; H, 3.73; N, 24.18; O, 3.95; Found: C, 68.11; H, 3.76; N, 24.15; O, 3.98; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3000 (s, N–H), 3083 (s, Ar–C–H), 1698.39 (s, C=O), 1610.62 (tetrazole), 1500.08 (C=C aromatic amine), 1307.59 (s, C–N 1° aromatic amine), 1280.84 (tetrazole, N–N=N), 1188.97 (s, C–N); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 8.2–8.6 (CH, (C=O)N), 7.99 (CN, Ar–H), 2.3 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161 (H–C=N), 155.7 (C-2), 139.8 (C-8a), 135.7 (CN, Ar–C), 130 (C-6), 129, 128.3 (C1, C–Ar), 126.6 (C-8), 121.6 (C-4a), 119.2 (nitrile), 114 (CN), 25.5 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 405.3214 (0.32), 391.2133, 381.0310, 331.1377.

4.11. Synthesis of 3-(2-(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-1H-tetrazol-1-yl) Phenyl)-2-methyl Quinazolin-4(3H)-one (10) [13]

The title compound 10 was prepared by using 4-chloro-[N-(2-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) phenyl)] benzamide (2; 0.01 mole) by the general procedure; the residue was recrystallized from benzene-pet-ether mixture and purified by column chromatography.

Compound (10): Yield: (50%); m.p. 278°C; Anal. Calcd for C22H15ClN6O: C, 63.69; H, 3.64; N, 20.26; O, 3.86; Cl, 8.55 Found: C, 63.66; H, 3.67; N, 20.28; O, 3.88; Cl, 8.54; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3290 (N–H stretching), 3066.24 (Ar–H stretching), 1655 (C=N stretching), 1600 (C=N, tetrazole), 1240 (tetrazole, N–N=N), 789 (C–Cl); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 8.20, 8.46 (1-Cl, Ar–H), 7.82 (17H, Ar–H, N=C=0), 7.70 (13H, Ar–H, (C=O)N), 7.50 (Cl, C–Ar), 2.3 (CH3); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161 (1-NH). 155.7 (C-2), 148.3 (C-8a), 135.2 (Cl, C–Ar), 129–129.9 (C-6), 128.6–129 (Cl, C–Ar), 127 (C-2′), 126.4 (C-8), 121.6 C-4a), 25 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 417.2136 (0.80), 401.1726, 387.1813, 381.1511, 341.0947.

4.12. Synthesis of 2-Methyl-3-(2-(5-(4-nitrophenyl)-1H-tetrazol-1-yl) Phenyl) Quinazolin-4(3H)-one (11) [13]

The title compound 11 was prepared by using [N-(2-(2-methyl-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl) phenyl)]-4-nitrobenzamide (2; 0.01 mole) by the general procedure; the residue was recrystallized from benzene-pet-ether mixture and purified by column chromatography.

Compound (11): Yield: (52%); m.p. 280°C; Anal. Calcd for C22H15N7O3: C, 62.11; H, 3.55; N, 23.05; O, 11.28; Found: C, 62.16; H, 3.59; N, 23.09; O, 11.24; IR (KBr, cm−1): 3292 (s, N–H), 3043.50 (s, C–H), 1700.52 (s, C=O), 1608.28 (C=N, tetrazole), 1507.07 (C=C aromatic amine), 1320 (s, C–N 1° aromatic amine), 1360 (Ar–NO2), 1162 (s, C–N); 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 8.2–8.76 (NO2), 7.90 (H-8, NC=O), 7.85 (CH, (C=O)N), 2.77 (CH3). 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6, δ/ppm): 161 (C1-amide), 155.8 (C-2), 150.2 (C-8a), 140.6 (C-8a), 138.4 (NO2), 129.7 (C-2′), 127.8 (CH, NO2), 126.8 (C-8), 125.7 (NO2, CH), 125.9 (N–C=O), 122.6 (C-4a), 25 (CH3); MS (m/z, (relative abundance, %)): 425.1445 (0.16), 411.1235, 399.1528, 381.1412, 351.1177.

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to the Principal and Management Committee members of Jamal Mohamed College, Srimad Andavan Arts and Science College, and UGC, New Delhi, for providing necessity facilities for this work.

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