- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 982321, 10 pages
On Generalized Bazilevic Functions Related with Conic Regions
Department of Mathematics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Park Road, Islamabad, Pakistan
Received 12 March 2012; Accepted 18 March 2012
Academic Editor: Yonghong Yao
Copyright © 2012 Khalida Inayat Noor and Kamran Yousaf. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
We define and study some generalized classes of Bazilevic functions associated with convex domains. These convex domains are formed by conic regions which are included in the right half plane. Such results as inclusion relationships and integral-preserving properties are proved. Some interesting special cases of the main results are also pointed out.
Let denote the class of analytic functions defined in the unit disc and satisfying the conditions ,. Let denote the subclass of consisting of univalent functions in , and let and be the subclasses of which contains, respectively, star-like and convex in Bazilevič  introduced the class as follows.
Let . Then, real and if for some and .
The powers appearing in (1.1) are meant as principle values. The functions in the class are shown to be analytic and univalent, see . is the largest known subclass of univalent functions defined by an explicit formula and contains many of the heavily researched subclasses of . We note the following:(i), (ii), (iii), where is the class of close-to-convex functions introduced by Kaplan ,(iv) is the class of -spiral like functions which are univalent for .
For analytic functions and , by we denote the Hadamard product (convolution) of and , defined by For , the conic domain is defined in  as follows: For fixed represents the conic region bounded successively by the imaginary axis , the right branch of hyperbola , a parabola and an ellipse .
The following univalent functions, defined by with and , map the unit disc onto where is the Jacobi elliptic integral of the first kind:and is chosen such that , where is the complete elliptic integral of the first kind, .
It is known that are continuous as regards to and have real coefficients for .
Let be the subclass of the class of Caratheodory functions , analytic in with and such that is subordinate to , written as in .
We define the following.
Definition 1.1. Let be analytic in with . Then, if and only if, for , we can write We note that , and , see .
Definition 1.2. Let . Then, is said to belong to the class if and only if for , and .
For , the class coincides with the class of starlike functions, and consists of analytic functions with bounded radius rotation, see [5, 6]. Also is the class studied by several authors, see [7, 8].
Definition 1.3. Let . Then, if and only if is as given by (1.1) for some in with and real.
When and , we obtain the class of Bazilevic functions.
We shall assume throughout, unless otherwise stated, that , real and .
2. Preliminary Results
Lemma 2.2 (see ). Let be convex in and with . If is analytic in with and satisfies , then .
Lemma 2.3 (see ). Let , and let be a complex-valued function satisfying the conditions(i) is continuous in a domain ,(ii) and ,(iii), whenever and .If is a function analytic in such that and for , then in .
3. Main Results
Theorem 3.1. Let , for and . Define Then, in . In particular in .
where is analytic in with , and let
From (3.1) and (3.2), we have
Logarithmic differentiation of (3.4) and some computation yield
Using convolution technique (3.7) with , we obtain, from (3.3) and (3.6),
Since , we apply Lemma 2.1 with to obtain , where is the best dominant and is given as
Consequently, in , and this completes the result.
As a special case, we prove the following.
Corollary 3.2. Let and let in . Then, for defined by (3.1), in where
Proof. We can write
where in .
Now proceeding as before, we have, with Using convolution technique together with (3.11), we obtain for .
We construct the functional by taking as The first two conditions of Lemma 2.3 are clearly satisfied. We verify condition (iii) as follows. where
if and only if . From , we obtain as given by (3.10) and ensures that .
Now proceeding as before, it follows from (3.12) that , and this proves our result.
By assigning certain permissible values to different parameters, we obtain several new and some known result.
Corollary 3.3. Let . Then, it is known that , and, form Corollary 3.2, it follows that where is given by (3.10). Also a starlike function is -uniformly convex for ,
Therefore, for , it follows that for , where is given by (3.10).
As special cases we note the following.
(i)For , we have and implies that , with (ii)When , we have and .
Theorem 3.4. Let . Define, for , Then, in , where is given by (3.1), and is analytic in with .
We note that is analytic in with . From (3.20), we have
using (3.1), we note that
From (3.21) and (3.22), it follows that
where since by Theorem 3.1.
It can easily be seen that and .
Now, using (3.8), we can easily derive where and .
Applying Lemma 2.2, it follows from (3.24) in and therefore in . This completes the proof.
Theorem 3.5. Let be given by (1.1) with , . Then, for (i), (ii)For ,
Proof. (i) From (1.1), we have
Define a function analytic in by
We can easily check that .
Now, from (3.26) and (3.27), we have That is and, with , we apply convolution technique used before to have Applying Lemma, it follows that where is the best dominant and is given by From (3.31), we have in , and this proves part (i).
(ii) From part (i), we have Now, , since is convex set, see .
Therefore, for . This completes the proof.
As a special case, with ,, we obtain a result proved in .
By assigning certain permissible values to the parameters and , we have several other new results.
The authors are grateful to Dr. S. M. Junaid Zaidi, Rector, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, for providing excellent research facilities and environment
- I. E. Bazilevič, “On a case of integrability in quadratures of the Loewner-Kufarev equation,” vol. 37(79), pp. 471–476, 1955.
- W. Kaplan, “Close-to-convex schlicht functions,” The Michigan Mathematical Journal, vol. 1, pp. 169–185, 1952.
- S. Kanas, “Techniques of the differential subordination for domains bounded by conic sections,” International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences, no. 38, pp. 2389–2400, 2003.
- B. Pinchuk, “Functions of bounded boundary rotation,” Israel Journal of Mathematics, vol. 10, pp. 6–16, 1971.
- A. W. Goodman, Univalent Functions, vol. 1 and 2, Mariner Publishing, Tampa, Fla, USA, 1983.
- K. Inayat Noor, “Some properties of analytic functions with bounded radius rotation,” Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations, vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 865–877, 2009.
- S. Kanas and A. Wisniowska, “Conic regions and k-uniform convexity,” Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, vol. 105, no. 1-2, pp. 327–336, 1999.
- K. I. Noor, “On a generalization of uniformly convex and related functions,” Computers & Mathematics with Applications, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 117–125, 2011.
- S. S. Miller and P. T. Mocanu, Differential Subordinations: Theory and Applications, vol. 225 of Monographs and Textbooks in Pure and Applied Mathematics, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 2000.
- P. J. Eenigenburg, S. S. Miller, P. T. Mocanu, and M. O. Reade, “On a subclass of Bazilevič functions,” Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 45, pp. 88–92, 1974.