103591.fig.005a
(a)
103591.fig.005b
(b)
Figure 5: Best minimums of Schwefel’s function in 20 dimensions versus number of function evaluations at each generation averaged over 100 replications of the four MA methods under the GA setting (ranking replacement, four crossover points, and 0.05 mutation rate). (a) Overall view in a full scale; (b) highlighted view in an expanded scale.