Table 6: Pressure vessel design: comparison of CCCS results with the literature.

Reference method

CCCS40.3196200.00000.77820.38465885.31000
ALPSO [33]41.352000.7980.39562347590
PSOA [34]N/AN/AN/AN/A62926506
PSOSTR [34]N/AN/AN/AN/A62723723
He et al. [21] N/AN/AN/AN/A629030000
Akhtar et al. [28]N/AN/AN/AN/A633512630