Table 1: Details of Starting materials, processing temperatures, composition, and refined lattice constants of the bulk Zn0.95TM0.05O (TM = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, & Ni) samples.

Sample IDStarting materialsSintering Temp% of dopant from EDAXGoodness of fitWt% of secondary phasesRefined lattice parameters

ZnObulk ZnOAs obtained1.11Single phase = 3.2753 (2)
= 5.2476 (4)
Zn0.95Cr0.05OZnO & Cr2O3800°C/24 h6.31%1.530.044% of ZnCr2O4 = 3.2647 (2)
= 5.2283 (4)
Zn0.95Mn0.05OZnO & MnO1200°C/12 h3.98%1.15Single phase = 3.2800 (2)
= 5.2514 (5)
Zn0.95Fe0.05OZnO & Fe2O31200°C/24 h3.50%1.270.022% of Zn0.98Fe2.02O4 = 3.2750 (3)
= 5.2444 (5)
Zn0.95Co0.05OZnO & Co3O4900°C/12 h3.82%1.14Single phase = 3.2607 (2)
= 5.2200 (5)
Zn0.95Ni0.05OZnO & NiO1200°C/24 h3.86%1.280.0472% of NiO = 3.2717 (1)
= 5.2376 (3)