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Journal of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 985490, 17 pages
Review Article

Theoretical Studies of Dynamic Interactions in Excited States of Hydrogen-Bonded Systems

Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 3, Kraków 30-060, Poland

Received 1 March 2012; Accepted 19 May 2012

Academic Editor: Paul Blaise

Copyright © 2012 Marek J. Wójcik et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Theoretical model for vibrational interactions in the hydrogen-bonded benzoic acid dimer is presented. The model takes into account anharmonic-type couplings between the high-frequency O–H and the low-frequency OO stretching vibrations in two hydrogen bonds, resonance interactions between two hydrogen bonds in the dimer, and Fermi resonance between the O–H stretching fundamental and the first overtone of the O–H in-plane bending vibrations. The model is used for theoretical simulation of the O–H stretching IR absorption bands of benzoic acid dimers in the gas phase in the first excited singlet state. Ab initio CIS and CIS(D)/CIS/6-311++G(d,p) calculations have been carried out in the à state of tropolone. The grids of potential energy surfaces along the coordinates of the tunneling vibration and the low-frequency coupled vibration have been calculated. Two-dimensional model potentials have been fitted to the calculated potential energy surfaces. The tunneling splittings for vibrationally excited states have been calculated and compared with the available experimental data. The model potential energy surfaces give good estimation of the tunneling splittings in the vibrationally ground and excited states of tropolone, and explain monotonic decrease in tunneling splittings with the excitation of low-frequency out-of-plane modes and increase of the tunneling splittings with the excitation of low-frequency planar modes.