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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 138015, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/138015
Research Article

Body Mass Index Is Associated with Dietary Patterns and Health Conditions in Georgia Centenarians

1Department of Foods and Nutrition, University of Georgia, 280 Dawson Hall, Athens, GA 30602, USA
2Department of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
3Institute of Gerontology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA

Received 2 March 2011; Accepted 4 April 2011

Academic Editor: Bo A. Hagberg

Copyright © 2011 Dorothy B. Hausman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Associations between body mass index (BMI) and dietary patterns and health conditions were explored in a population-based multiethnic sample of centenarians from northern Georgia. BMI ≤20 and ≥25 was prevalent in 30.9% and 25.3% of study participants, respectively. In a series of logistic regression analyses controlled for gender and place of residence, the probability of having BMI ≥25 was increased by being black versus white and having a low citrus fruit, noncitrus fruit, orange/yellow vegetable or total fruit and vegetable intake. The probability of having BMI ≤20 was not associated with dietary intake. When controlled for race, gender, residence, and total fruit and vegetable intake, BMI ≥25 was an independent risk factor for diabetes or having a systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, whereas BMI ≤20 was a risk factor for anemia. Given the many potential adverse consequences of under- and overweight, efforts are needed to maintain a healthy weight, even in the oldest old.